Lifetime adherence to physical activity recommendations and fall occurrence in community-dwelling older adults: A retrospective cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Falling is a major health concern for community-dwelling older adults. Regular physical activity has been proposed to prevent falls. The aim of this study was to assess whether the achievement of the 2004 UK Department of Health physical activity recommendations over a lifetime had a protective effect against falling in older people. 313 community-dwelling older adults completed a questionnaire about lifetime physical activity and fall occurrence. There were significantly fewer falls in those who had led an active lifestyle compared to those who had not (χ2Yates=4.568, p=0.033), with a lower relative risk of fall occurrence for the active respondents (RR=0.671) compared to the inactive (RR=1.210). Of those who were sufficiently active in their early adulthood, the decade where there was the biggest decrease in remaining active enough was in the 60s. It is concluded that an active lifestyle may have decreased the likelihood of having a fall in older age.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-320
JournalJournal of Human Sport and Exercise
Volume7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • exercise, Falls, elderly, Guidelines, Lifestyle physical activity