Left-Handed Wire Antennas Over Ground Plane With Wideband Tuning
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Colleges, School and Institutes
Tunable left-handed (LH) wire antennas over a ground plane are presented in this paper. These antennas are small and have a wide tuning bandwidth and are matched to 50 Omega within the operation range. Two kinds of antennas have been developed: the monopole antenna and the half-loop antenna over ground plane. In both cases, the antennas are designed, manufactured and measured at fixed frequencies as a first step. After that, a study to replace some LH components with variable capacitors has been carried out for each antenna. Tunability over a wide bandwidth has been achieved. Finally, some prototypes of both antennas have been manufactured and measured. The tunable LH monopole antenna has been measured showing a monopolar radiation pattern with a 28% tuning bandwidth (695-924 MHz). Its radiation efficiency takes values between 50% and 70% within all the tuning bandwidth and the maximum dimension varies only between 0.11 lambda(0) at 695 MHz and 0.15 lambda(0) at 924 MHz. The tunable LH half-loop antenna over a ground plane has a radiation pattern with maximum radiation orthogonal to the ground plane. It has a 1.64:1 measured tuning bandwidth properly matched to 50 Omega (considering vertical bar s(11)vertical bar <-10 dB). Its measured radiation efficiency is always above 54% within the working bandwidth.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2011|
- reconfigurable antennas, monopole antenna, loop antenna, tunable antennas, Left-handed materials