Leaving Gondwana: the changing position of the Indian subcontinent in the global faunal network

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


  • Patricia A. Holroyd
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant
  • Guntupalli V.R. Prasad
  • Agustin Scanferla
  • Robin M.D. Beck
  • David W. Krause
  • Anjali Goswami

External organisations

  • Museum of Paleontology, University of California
  • CNRS UMR 7207, Centre de Recherches en Paléobiodiversité et Paléoenvironnements, CNRS-MNHN-UPMC
  • CONICET Instituto de Bio y Geociencias del NOA (IBIGEO), Salta
  • University of Salford
  • Department of Earth Sciences, Denver Museum of Nature and Science
  • University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
  • Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum
  • University of Delhi


The paleogeographic history of the Indian subcontinent is unique among Earth’s landmasses. From being part of the southern supercontinent Gondwana for most of the Mesozoic, through a period of isolation as a drifting entity in the Late Cretaceous, to colliding with Asia near the Paleocene-Eocene boundary, the Indian subcontinent has been associated with, and dissociated from, a variety of landmasses. This paleogeographic history has been invoked to explain aspects of the subcontinent’s modern-day fauna, with a combination of endemic radiations, remnants from Gondwana, and more recent immigrants from Laurasia. Here, network approaches document how vertebrate faunas of the Indian subcontinent, and specifically their relationships to those of other landmasses, changed during the subcontinent’s isolation from close faunal relationships with Madagascar and South America in the Late Cretaceous to a more Laurasian fauna most similar to those of Europe by the Eocene.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiological consequences of plate tectonics
Subtitle of host publicationnew perspectives on post-Gondwanaland break-up – a tribute to Ashok Sahni
EditorsGuntupalli V.R. Prasad, Rajeev Patnaik
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Nov 2020

Publication series

NameVertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology
ISSN (Print)1877-9077