Learning and Memory Processes and Their Role in Eating: Implications for Limiting Food Intake in Overeaters

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Swansea University

Abstract

Understanding the role of psychological factors involved in overeating is critical if we are to develop effective interventions to curb the rise of obesity that is associated with the modern food environment. Here we review recent experimental research on the role of cognitive processes such as learning and memory in eating behavior. From habituation to learning to associate the rewarding consequences of ingestion with food cues, we contemplate how learning about food has been influenced by the changing food environment. We also consider how learning and memory processes interact with satiety processes and how higher-level cognitive systems modulate responses to food cues. Finally, what we remember about eating episodes affects later eating. Encoding information about meals and snacks allows us to take into account recent energy intake and food enjoyment during later eating events. We suggest that interventions that encourage attentive eating might prove fruitful in helping appetite control.

Bibliographic note

Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-98
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Obesity Reports
Volume1
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Episodic memory, Habitation, Learned satiety, Memory processes, Obesity, Overeating, Remembered liking, Reward

ASJC Scopus subject areas