Laminar burning characteristics of 2,5-dimethylfuran and iso-octane blend at elevated temperatures and pressures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • X Wu
  • Q Li
  • J Fu
  • C Tang
  • Z Huang
  • Ritchie Daniel

Colleges, School and Institutes


2,5-Dimethylfuran, known as DMF, is a promising second-generation biofuel candidate. The potential of 2,5-dimethylfuran as an additive in iso-octane (used as gasoline fuel substitute in this study) was studied. Using outwardly spherical flame method and high speed schlieren photography, laminar burning characteristics of 2,5-dimethylfuran/iso-octane (20%/80% vol., designated as D20)/air mixtures were experimentally investigated. Laminar flame speeds and Markstein lengths of D20-air mixtures were empirically organized as a function of initial pressures and temperatures. Onset of cellular structures at the flame front was observed at relatively higher initial pressures due to the combined effect of diffusional-thermal and hydrodynamic instabilities. Laminar flame speeds of D20-air mixtures are higher than those of isooctane-air mixtures when the equivalence ratio is greater than 1.2. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-240
Number of pages7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2012


  • Markstein length, Iso-octane, Flame instability, Laminar flame speed, 2,5-Dimethylfuran