Lactoferrin is a survival factor for neutrophils in rheumatoid synovial fluid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Lactoferrin is an iron-binding protein that is released from activated neutrophils at sites of inflammation and has anti-microbial as well as anti-inflammatory properties. This study set out to determine whether lactoferrin can delay neutrophil apoptosis and could act as a survival factor for neutrophils in SF. METHODS: Human peripheral blood and SF neutrophils were incubated with iron-free lactoferrin and apoptosis determined after 9 h. SF from patients with RA was added to isolated neutrophils, with or without immunodepletion of lactoferrin, and effects on neutrophil apoptosis determined. Levels of lactoferrin in SF were assessed and related to disease duration and markers of disease activity. RESULTS: Iron-free lactoferrin significantly delayed apoptosis of peripheral blood neutrophils, in a concentration-dependent manner after 9 h in culture (P <0.04). Lactoferrin could also delay apoptosis of neutrophils isolated from SF of patients with RA. SF from patients with established RA delayed apoptosis of peripheral blood neutrophils and this effect was significantly reduced by depletion of lactoferrin (P <0.03). Lactoferrin levels in SF from patients with established RA did not correlate with disease severity, but did correlate with markers of inflammation (CRP) and with the presence of RF. SF from patients with arthritis of

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-44
Number of pages6
JournalRheumatology
Volume48
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Rheumatoid arthritis, Lactoferrin, Apoptosis, Neutrophil