Kinetics of the removal of OH (v=1) and OD (v=1) by HNO₃ and DNO₃ from 253-383 K
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Colleges, School and Institutes
We have measured the rate coefficients for the removal of OH(v = 1) and OD(v = 1) by HNO3 and DNO3 as a function of temperature from 253 to 383 K. OH(v = 1) and OD(v = 1) were produced by photolysis of HNO3/DNO3 at 248 nm; laser-induced fluorescence was used to monitor the kinetics of the vibrationally excited radicals. The measured rate coefficients at 295 K range from 2.5 x 10(-11) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) for the removal of OH(v = 1) by HNO3 to 6 x 10(-12) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) for the removal of OH(v = 1) by DNO3; the rate coefficients for the like-isotope processes [removal of OH(v = 1) by HNO3 and removal of OH(v = 1) by DNO3] are 2-4 times higher than the rate coefficients for the unlike-isotope processes. All four rate coefficients show negative temperature dependences that are too strong to be attributable only to long-range interactions between the reactants. Expressed as negative activation energies, the temperature dependences yield values of E-a/R from -520 to -750 K. We suggest that the removal of the vibrationally excited radicals occurs via formation of the hydrogen-bonded, cyclic OH-HNO3 reaction complex (or the appropriate isotopomer of the complex) invoked to explain the unusual kinetics of the reaction of ground-state OH with nitric acid. We postulate that dissociation of the reaction complex to regenerate nitric acid and vibrationally excited CH or OD competes with intramolecular vibrational redistribution of the OH/OD vibrational excitation energy within the reaction complex, leading to the observed negative temperature dependence. We attribute the higher rate coefficients of the like-isotope processes (relative to the unlike-isotope processes) to faster, resonant, intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution within the reaction complexes containing the same isotopes. Additionally, we estimate the yields of OH(v = 1) to be similar to1% and OH(v = 2) to be similar to0.4% of that of OH(v = 0) from the photolysis of HNO3 at 248 nm.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||The Journal of Physical Chemistry A|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2003|