Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus viral interferon regulatory factor-2 inhibits type 1 interferon signalling by targeting interferon-stimulated gene factor-3.
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Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes four viral interferon regulatory factors (vIRF-1-4). We investigated the mechanism and consequences of vIRF-2-mediated inhibition of interferon-response element signalling following type I interferon (IFN) induction. Western blot and electrophoretic mobility-shift assays identified the interferon-stimulated gene factor-3 (ISGF-3) components STAT1 and IRF-9 as the proximal targets of vIRF-2 activity. The biological significance of vIRF-2 inhibition of ISGF-3 was demonstrated by vIRF-2-mediated rescue of the replication of the IFN-sensitive virus encephalomyocarditis virus. This study provides both a mechanism and evidence for KSHV vIRF-2-mediated suppression of the consequences of type 1 IFN-induced signalling.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of General Virology|
|Issue number||Pt 10|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2011|