Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus inhibits expression and function of endothelial cell major histocompatibility complex class II via suppressor of cytokine signaling 3

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@article{f6cc3e6b508841f5b3612079c6a74a7c,
title = "Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus inhibits expression and function of endothelial cell major histocompatibility complex class II via suppressor of cytokine signaling 3",
abstract = "Endothelial cells (EC) can present antigen to either CD8(+) T lymphocytes through constitutively expressed major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) or CD4(+) T lymphocytes through gamma interferon (IFN-γ)-induced MHC-II. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), an EC neoplasm characterized by dysregulated angiogenesis and a substantial inflammatory infiltrate. KSHV is understood to have evolved strategies to inhibit MHC-I expression on EC and MHC-II expression on primary effusion lymphoma cells, but its effects on EC MHC-II expression are unknown. Here, we report that the KSHV infection of human primary EC inhibits IFN-γ-induced expression of the MHC-II molecule HLA-DR at the transcriptional level. The effect is functionally significant, since recognition by an HLA-DR-restricted CD4(+) T-cell clone in response to cognate antigen presented by KSHV-infected EC was attenuated. Inhibition of HLA-DR expression was also achieved by exposing EC to supernatant from KSHV-inoculated EC before IFN-γ treatment, revealing a role for soluble mediators. IFN-γ-induced phosphorylation of STAT-1 and transcription of CIITA were suppressed in KSHV-inoculated EC via a mechanism involving SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 3). Thus, KSHV infection resulted in transcriptional upregulation of SOCS3, and treatment with RNA interference against SOCS3 relieved virus-induced inhibition of IFN-γ-induced STAT-1 phosphorylation. Since cell surface MHC-II molecules present peptide antigens to CD4(+) T lymphocytes that can function either as direct cytolytic effectors or to initiate and regulate adaptive immune responses, inhibition of this antigen-presenting pathway would provide a survival advantage to the virus.",
author = "Butler, {L M} and Jeffery, {H C} and Wheat, {R L} and Long, {H M} and Rae, {P C} and Nash, {G B} and Blackbourn, {D J}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1128/JVI.06908-11",
language = "English",
volume = "86",
pages = "7158--66",
journal = "Journal of virology",
issn = "0022-538X",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "13",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus inhibits expression and function of endothelial cell major histocompatibility complex class II via suppressor of cytokine signaling 3

AU - Butler, L M

AU - Jeffery, H C

AU - Wheat, R L

AU - Long, H M

AU - Rae, P C

AU - Nash, G B

AU - Blackbourn, D J

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Endothelial cells (EC) can present antigen to either CD8(+) T lymphocytes through constitutively expressed major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) or CD4(+) T lymphocytes through gamma interferon (IFN-γ)-induced MHC-II. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), an EC neoplasm characterized by dysregulated angiogenesis and a substantial inflammatory infiltrate. KSHV is understood to have evolved strategies to inhibit MHC-I expression on EC and MHC-II expression on primary effusion lymphoma cells, but its effects on EC MHC-II expression are unknown. Here, we report that the KSHV infection of human primary EC inhibits IFN-γ-induced expression of the MHC-II molecule HLA-DR at the transcriptional level. The effect is functionally significant, since recognition by an HLA-DR-restricted CD4(+) T-cell clone in response to cognate antigen presented by KSHV-infected EC was attenuated. Inhibition of HLA-DR expression was also achieved by exposing EC to supernatant from KSHV-inoculated EC before IFN-γ treatment, revealing a role for soluble mediators. IFN-γ-induced phosphorylation of STAT-1 and transcription of CIITA were suppressed in KSHV-inoculated EC via a mechanism involving SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 3). Thus, KSHV infection resulted in transcriptional upregulation of SOCS3, and treatment with RNA interference against SOCS3 relieved virus-induced inhibition of IFN-γ-induced STAT-1 phosphorylation. Since cell surface MHC-II molecules present peptide antigens to CD4(+) T lymphocytes that can function either as direct cytolytic effectors or to initiate and regulate adaptive immune responses, inhibition of this antigen-presenting pathway would provide a survival advantage to the virus.

AB - Endothelial cells (EC) can present antigen to either CD8(+) T lymphocytes through constitutively expressed major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) or CD4(+) T lymphocytes through gamma interferon (IFN-γ)-induced MHC-II. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), an EC neoplasm characterized by dysregulated angiogenesis and a substantial inflammatory infiltrate. KSHV is understood to have evolved strategies to inhibit MHC-I expression on EC and MHC-II expression on primary effusion lymphoma cells, but its effects on EC MHC-II expression are unknown. Here, we report that the KSHV infection of human primary EC inhibits IFN-γ-induced expression of the MHC-II molecule HLA-DR at the transcriptional level. The effect is functionally significant, since recognition by an HLA-DR-restricted CD4(+) T-cell clone in response to cognate antigen presented by KSHV-infected EC was attenuated. Inhibition of HLA-DR expression was also achieved by exposing EC to supernatant from KSHV-inoculated EC before IFN-γ treatment, revealing a role for soluble mediators. IFN-γ-induced phosphorylation of STAT-1 and transcription of CIITA were suppressed in KSHV-inoculated EC via a mechanism involving SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 3). Thus, KSHV infection resulted in transcriptional upregulation of SOCS3, and treatment with RNA interference against SOCS3 relieved virus-induced inhibition of IFN-γ-induced STAT-1 phosphorylation. Since cell surface MHC-II molecules present peptide antigens to CD4(+) T lymphocytes that can function either as direct cytolytic effectors or to initiate and regulate adaptive immune responses, inhibition of this antigen-presenting pathway would provide a survival advantage to the virus.

U2 - 10.1128/JVI.06908-11

DO - 10.1128/JVI.06908-11

M3 - Article

C2 - 22532676

VL - 86

SP - 7158

EP - 7166

JO - Journal of virology

JF - Journal of virology

SN - 0022-538X

IS - 13

ER -