Is kinesiophobia and pain catastrophising at baseline associated with chronic pain and disability in whiplash-associated disorders? A systematic review
Research output: Contribution to journal › Review article › peer-review
Colleges, School and Institutes
- Instituto de Investigacion Biomedica de Malaga (IBIMA), Malaga, Spain.
- Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain.
BACKGROUND: Kinesiophobia and pain catastrophising may be associated with patients' transition from having acute to chronic pain following a whiplash injury.
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and critically appraise the literature to determine whether kinesiophobia and pain catastrophising are associated with greater likelihood of patients developing chronic pain and disability following a whiplash injury.
DESIGN: A systematic review of the literature DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches of PubMed, AMED, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and PubPsych, and grey literature were undertaken from inception to September 2017.
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Study selection was based on longitudinal studies evaluating how kinesiophobia and/or pain catastrophising at baseline are associated with pain intensity, disability or both after a whiplash injury.
RESULTS: We included 14 longitudinal studies that described 12 independent cohorts with a total sample of 2733 participants with whiplash-associated disorder. Kinesiophobia at baseline was not associated with pain intensity over time (three studies). Whether kinesiophobia at baseline was associated with disability was unclear as results were conflicting (six studies). There were also conflicting results when we examined the association between pain catastrophising and both pain intensity (five studies) and disability (eight studies).
SUMMARY/CONCLUSIONS: Kinesiophobia at baseline was not associated with pain intensity over time. There were conflicting results for the remaining analyses. The size of the associations was small. The overall quality of the evidence was very low.
TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42016053864.
|Journal||British Journal of Sports Medicine|
|Early online date||19 Jun 2019|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 19 Jun 2019|
- fear, pain, psychological factors, whiplash injury