Ion Mobility Studies on the Negative Ion-Molecule Chemistry of Isoflurane and Enflurane
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
Colleges, School and Institutes
In the present work we present an investigation of the negative ion-molecule chemistry of the anaesthetics isoflurane, ISOF, and enflurane, ENF, in an ion mobility spectrometry/mass spectrometry (IMS/MS), in both air and nitrogen. Hexachloroethane (HCE) was introduced in both air and nitrogen to produce Cl– as a reactant ion. This study was undertaken owing to uncertainties in the chemical processes, which lead to the cluster ions reported in other work (Eiceman et al. Anal. Chem. 61, 1093–1099, 1). In particular for ISOF the product ion observed was ISOF.Cl–, and it was suggested that the Cl– was formed by dissociative electron attachment (DEA) although there was mention of a chlorine containing contaminant. We show in this study that ISOF and ENF do not produce Cl– in an IMS system either by capture of free electrons or reaction with O2–. This demonstrates that the Cl– containing ions, reported in the earlier study, must have been the result of a chlorine containing contaminant as suggested. The failure of ISOF and ENF to undergo DEA was initially surprising given the high calculated electron affinities, but further calculations showed that this was a result of the large positive vertical attachment energies (VAEs). This experimental work has been supported by electronic structure calculations at the B3LYP level, and is consistent with those obtained in a crossed electron-molecular beam two sector field mass spectrometer. An unusual observation is that the monomer complexes of ISOF and ENF with O2– are relatively unstable compared with the dimer complexes.
|Journal||Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry|
|Early online date||21 Feb 2017|
|Publication status||Published - May 2017|
- Ion mobility spectrometry, IMS-MS, Isoflurane , Enflurane, Ion-molecule reactions