Investigation of PO43- oxyanion-doping on the properties of CaFe0.4Ti0.6O3−δ for potential application as symmetrical electrodes for SOFCs

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  • Lucía dos Santos-Gómez
  • Jose Porras-Vázquez
  • Enrique Losilla
  • David Marrero-López
  • Peter Slater

Colleges, School and Institutes


CaTi0.6-xFe0.4PxO3-δ (0≤x ≤ 0.75) perovskite series are investigated as potential symmetrical electrodes for SOFCs. Pure phase compounds with a cubic perovskite structure (s.g. Pm3̅m ) are obtained for x ≤ 0.025, while higher doping level leads to the formation of Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 as secondary phase. The P-doped compounds are structurally stable under reducing atmosphere unlike the undoped phase. Conductivity values of the P-doped samples are slightly higher than that of the undoped one, i.e. 0.11 and 0.07 Scm−1 for CaTi0.575Fe0.4P0.025O3-δ and CaTi0.6Fe0.4O3-δ, respectively, at 750 °C in air. The performance of CaTi0.575Fe0.4P0.025O3-δ acting simultaneously as both anode and cathode was also tested in a symmetrical solid oxide fuel cell with a 240 μm thick YSZ electrolyte. Hence, these results show that PO43- units can be introduced into CaTi0.6Fe0.4O3-δ perovskite structure, having beneficial effects on the electrochemical performance and the phase stability.


Original languageEnglish
Article number155437
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Early online date30 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2020


  • Calcium titanates, Oxyanion doping, Phosphate, Symmetrical solid oxide fuel cell