Investigating Central Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Action Observation and Imagery Through Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article



Sport and exercise psychologists provide some interventions for clients based on limited direct evidence and partial understanding of the mechanisms that underpin their efficacy. The authors review a recent technique, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), which offers a tested procedure for investigating cortical activity during observation and imagery processes. They provide a detailed description of the TMS protocol and highlight some of the key studies that inform sport and exercise psychology research. Finally, the authors offer some thoughts on the direct application to practice.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-373
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of motor behavior
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011


  • transcranial magnetic stimulation, movement imagery, action observation, corticospinal facilitation