Interoception, eating behaviour and body weight

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Interoception, eating behaviour and body weight. / Robinson, Eric; Marty, Lucile; Higgs, Suzanne; Jones, Andrew.

In: Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 237, 113434, 01.08.2021.

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Robinson, Eric ; Marty, Lucile ; Higgs, Suzanne ; Jones, Andrew. / Interoception, eating behaviour and body weight. In: Physiology and Behavior. 2021 ; Vol. 237.

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@article{e5acdfa7207248248d666bc9b6a9b541,
title = "Interoception, eating behaviour and body weight",
abstract = "Background: Interoception refers to the process of identifying and listening to internal bodily signals, which may be a modifiable determinant of appetite regulation and weight gain. The objective was to examine whether the extent to which self-reported interoception is associated with higher BMI is explained by eating behavior traits. Methods: UK adults (N = 1181, 49% female, 53% with overweight/obesity) completed validated self-report measures of interoception, habitual tendencies to eat in response to satiety signals (intuitive eating), emotional over-eating and other eating traits. Results: Poorer self-reported ability to detect interoceptive signals (deficits in interoceptive accuracy) was predictive of higher BMI (r = - 0.07 (95% CI -0.13; -0.01), p < .05). In parallel mediation analyses, participants with poorer interoceptive accuracy were significantly less likely to report considering satiety signals when eating and this explained the cross-sectional association between interoceptive accuracy and higher BMI. There was also some evidence that participants with poorer interoceptive accuracy were more likely to report emotional overeating and this also in part explained why interoceptive accuracy was predictive of higher BMI. Conclusions: Deficits in interoception may decrease the likelihood that satiety signals are integrated into eating behaviour related decision making and in doing so contribute to higher BMI.",
keywords = "Adult eating behaviour, BMI, Interoception, Intuitive eating, Obesity",
author = "Eric Robinson and Lucile Marty and Suzanne Higgs and Andrew Jones",
note = "Funding Information: ER has previously received funding from Unilever and the American Beverage Association for unrelated research. No other authors report potential conflicts of interest. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 Elsevier Inc.",
year = "2021",
month = apr,
day = "24",
doi = "10.1016/j.physbeh.2021.113434",
language = "English",
volume = "237",
journal = "Physiology and Behavior",
issn = "0031-9384",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interoception, eating behaviour and body weight

AU - Robinson, Eric

AU - Marty, Lucile

AU - Higgs, Suzanne

AU - Jones, Andrew

N1 - Funding Information: ER has previously received funding from Unilever and the American Beverage Association for unrelated research. No other authors report potential conflicts of interest. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier Inc.

PY - 2021/4/24

Y1 - 2021/4/24

N2 - Background: Interoception refers to the process of identifying and listening to internal bodily signals, which may be a modifiable determinant of appetite regulation and weight gain. The objective was to examine whether the extent to which self-reported interoception is associated with higher BMI is explained by eating behavior traits. Methods: UK adults (N = 1181, 49% female, 53% with overweight/obesity) completed validated self-report measures of interoception, habitual tendencies to eat in response to satiety signals (intuitive eating), emotional over-eating and other eating traits. Results: Poorer self-reported ability to detect interoceptive signals (deficits in interoceptive accuracy) was predictive of higher BMI (r = - 0.07 (95% CI -0.13; -0.01), p < .05). In parallel mediation analyses, participants with poorer interoceptive accuracy were significantly less likely to report considering satiety signals when eating and this explained the cross-sectional association between interoceptive accuracy and higher BMI. There was also some evidence that participants with poorer interoceptive accuracy were more likely to report emotional overeating and this also in part explained why interoceptive accuracy was predictive of higher BMI. Conclusions: Deficits in interoception may decrease the likelihood that satiety signals are integrated into eating behaviour related decision making and in doing so contribute to higher BMI.

AB - Background: Interoception refers to the process of identifying and listening to internal bodily signals, which may be a modifiable determinant of appetite regulation and weight gain. The objective was to examine whether the extent to which self-reported interoception is associated with higher BMI is explained by eating behavior traits. Methods: UK adults (N = 1181, 49% female, 53% with overweight/obesity) completed validated self-report measures of interoception, habitual tendencies to eat in response to satiety signals (intuitive eating), emotional over-eating and other eating traits. Results: Poorer self-reported ability to detect interoceptive signals (deficits in interoceptive accuracy) was predictive of higher BMI (r = - 0.07 (95% CI -0.13; -0.01), p < .05). In parallel mediation analyses, participants with poorer interoceptive accuracy were significantly less likely to report considering satiety signals when eating and this explained the cross-sectional association between interoceptive accuracy and higher BMI. There was also some evidence that participants with poorer interoceptive accuracy were more likely to report emotional overeating and this also in part explained why interoceptive accuracy was predictive of higher BMI. Conclusions: Deficits in interoception may decrease the likelihood that satiety signals are integrated into eating behaviour related decision making and in doing so contribute to higher BMI.

KW - Adult eating behaviour

KW - BMI

KW - Interoception

KW - Intuitive eating

KW - Obesity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85104963143&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.physbeh.2021.113434

DO - 10.1016/j.physbeh.2021.113434

M3 - Article

C2 - 33901529

VL - 237

JO - Physiology and Behavior

JF - Physiology and Behavior

SN - 0031-9384

M1 - 113434

ER -