International migration: a global complex network

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Migration has become a prominent research theme in geography and regional science and it has been approached from various methodological angles. Nonetheless, a common missing element in most migration studies is the lack of awareness of the overall network topology, which characterizes migration flows. Although gravity models focus on spatial interaction – in this case migration – between pairs of origins and destinations, they do not provide insights into the topology of a migration network. In the present paper, we will employ network analysis to address such systemic research questions, in particular: How centralized or dispersed are migration flows and how does this structure evolve over time? And how is migration activity clustered between specific countries, and if so, do such patterns change over time? Going a step further than exploratory network analysis, this paper estimates international migration models for OECD countries based on a dual approach: gravity models estimated
using conventional econometric approaches such as panel data regressions as well as network‐based regression techniques such as MRQAP. The empirical results reveal not only the determinants of international migration among OECD countries, but also the value of blending network analysis with more conventional analytic methods.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-22
JournalEnvironment and Planning B: Planning and Design
Volume42
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

Keywords

  • immigration, gravity model, complex networks, community detection, MRQAP