Interactions of cholesterol hemisuccinate with phospholipids and (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase
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Colleges, School and Institutes
Cholesterol hemisuccinate has been shown to equilibrate readily with liposomes and with the (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase from sarcoplasmic reticulum and has been used to modify the sterol content of these membranes. Cholesterol hemisuccinate incorporates into dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) up to a molar ratio of 3:1 sterol to DOPC. Effects on lipid order as detected by electron spin resonance and fluorescence polarization are comparable to those of cholesterol. Binding constants have been determined, and the uncharged form of the sterol binds more strongly than the anionic form. Binding to DOPC and to the lipid component of the ATPase system is comparable. From use of the fluorescence quenching properties of 1,2-bis(9,10- dibromooleoyl )phosphatidylcholine and dibromocholesterol hemisuccinate, two classes of binding sites on the ATPase have been deduced. At the lipid/protein interface, the binding constant for cholesterol hemisuccinate is considerably less than that for DOPC. At the second set of sites ( nonannular sites), binding occurs with Kd = 0.55 in molar ratio units. The effect of cholesterol hemisuccinate on the activity of the ATPase depends on the phospholipid present in the system: ATPase reconstituted with DOPC is inhibited whereas ATPase reconstituted with dimyristoleoylphosphatidylcholine is activated. We conclude that changes in membrane fluidity are not important in determining ATPase activity in these systems.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1984|