Integrated port energy system considering integrated demand response and energy interconnection

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Tianli Song
  • Yang Li
  • Yi Guo
  • Haifei Gu


This paper proposes a framework for modeling an integrated port energy system (IPES). A configuration and sizing model of energy hub (EH) is built for the port area considering integrated demand response (IDR) and energy interconnection (EI). A comparative study of five different planning scenarios, traditional energy supply solution, EH solution, EH with IDR, EH with EI, and EH with both IDR and EI are conducted to identify the best option for minimizing the total planning cost of an IPES. Furthermore, the daily operating conditions of EHs are discussed and sensitivity analyses with varying energy prices, line loss rates, and IDR participation rates are performed to demonstrate the robustness of the model. The impacts of the uncertainties of ships using shore-side power on planning costs are also analyzed. Based on the proposed methods, numerical simulation results show the effectiveness of the EHs with multiple energy infrastructures in the IPES. In addition, after considering IDR and EI, the total planning cost decreases significantly, which demonstrates the necessity and benefits of IDR and EI.


Original languageEnglish
Article number105654
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Early online date1 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


  • Energy hub, Energy interconnection, Integrated demand response, Integrated port energy system, Shore-side power