Insulin protects against type 1 diabetes mellitus-induced aortopathy associated with the inhibition of biomarkers of vascular injury in rats

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Ismaeel Bin-Jaliaha
  • Fahaid Al Hashem
  • Mohamed Haidara
  • Dina Abdel Kader
  • M. D. Morsy

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha
  • Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Ahba
  • Department of Medical Histology, Kasr al-Aini Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo

Abstract

Background: We sought to investigate the protective effect of insulin against type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM)-induced aortic injury (aortopathy) associated with the inhibition of biomarkers of vascular injury. Material and methods: T1DM was induced in rats by streptozotocin (STZ) (65 mg/kg), and the protection group started insulin treatment 2 days post diabetic induction and continued until being sacrificed at week 8. Results: Aortopathy was developed in the diabetic rats as demonstrated by profound alterations to the aorta ultrastructure, which was substantially protected by insulin. In addition, insulin significantly inhibited diabetes-induced dyslipidaemia, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), oxidative stress, and inflammation. However, blood levels of these biomarkers in the insulin-treated group were still significant (p <.05) compared with the control group, whereas insulin treatment returned blood glucose and triglyceride to control levels. Conclusions: We demonstrate effective protection by insulin against T1DM-induced aortopathy in rats, which is associated with the inhibition of vascular injury biomarkers.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Aortopathy, insulin, rat model, type 1 diabetes mellitus, vascular activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas