Individual differences in sensitivity to the early environment as a function of amygdala and hippocampus volumes: An exploratory analysis in 12-year-old boys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Queen Mary University of London
  • University of London
  • UCL

Abstract

Children differ in their response to environmental exposures, with some being more sensitive to contextual factors than others. According to theory, such variability is the result of individual differences in neurobiological sensitivity to environmental features, with some individuals generally more affected by both negative and/or positive experiences. In this exploratory study we tested whether left and right amygdala and hippocampus volumes (corrected for total brain size) account for individual differences in response to environmental influences in a sample of 62 boys. Cumulative general environmental quality, ranging from low to high, was measured across the first 9 years and child behavior was reported by teachers when boys were 12-13 years old. According to analyses, only the left amygdala volume-not any of the other brain volumes-emerged as an important brain region for sensitivity to positive environmental aspects. Boys with a larger left amygdala benefited significantly more from higher environmental quality than boys with a smaller left amygdala whilst not being more vulnerable to lower quality. Besides providing preliminary evidence for differences in environmental sensitivity due to brain structure, the results also point to the left amygdala as having a specific role regarding the response to environmental influences.

Bibliographic note

Publisher Copyright: Copyright © The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalDevelopment and Psychopathology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • amygdala, differential susceptibility, environmental sensitivity, hippocampus, vantage sensitivity