Individual and team level determinants of collective efficacy in soccer

Research output: Contribution to journalAbstract


  • Isabel Balaguer
  • Isabel Castillo
  • I Tomas
  • Joan Duda

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Valencia


The purpose of this study was to examine individual (i.e., goal orientations and self-efficacy) and team-level (perceptions of the motivational climate) determinants of collective efficacy
in Spanish youth soccer players. Participants were 295 Spanish male soccer players from 18 teams, ages 12 to 16 years (M = 14.01, SD = 1.09). Most participants had played competitively with their respective club for three years or longer. Each member of a team completed a demographic measure, the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ, Duda, 1989; Balaguer, Castillo, & Tomás, 1996), the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2, Newton, Duda, & Yin, 2000; Balaguer, Castillo, & Duda, 2003). Players reported confidence in their ability to perform 12 independent soccer skills during competition (self-efficacy), and also completed a 19-item questionnaire for assessing soccer collective efficacy. Results informed that task climate and task orientation were positively correlated with self-efficacy and collective efficacy. Ego climate was negatively correlated with self-efficacy and collective efficacy. Ego orientation corresponded positively to selfefficacy. Perceived motivational climate was examined as a potential group-level variable. Examination of within-group interrater agreement (average deviation indices; ADI) was found to be satisfactory for both the perceived task-involving climate (ADI M = 0.60, SD = 0.08) and the perceived ego-involving climate (ADI M = 0.81, SD = 0.10). Multilevel modeling revealed that self-efficacy positively and significantly predicted individual perceptions of collective efficacy, while perceptions of an ego climate negatively and significantly predicted individual perceptions of collective efficacy. The findings suggest that environmental and individual differences in motivation-related characteristics and players’ confidence judgments regarding their own performance skills are relevant to their beliefs regarding shared (team-based) resources and capabilities.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S109
JournalJournal of sport & exercise psychology
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009