In vitro anti-tumor immune response induced by dendritic cells transfected with EBV-LMP2 recombinant adenovirus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a high-incidence tumor in southern China. Latent membrane proteins 2 (LMP2) is a subdominant antigen of EBV. The present study was to develop a dendritic cells (DCs)-based cancer vaccine (rAd-LMP2-DC) and to study its biological characteristics and its immune functions. Our results showed that LMP2 gene transfer did not alter the typical morphology of mature DC, and the representative phenotypes of mature DC (CD80, CD83, and CD86) were highly expressed in rAd-LMP2-DCs. The expression of LMP2 in rAd-LPM2-DCs was about 84.54%, which suggested efficient gene transfer. Transfected DCs markedly increased antigen-specific T-cell proliferation. The specific cytotoxicity against NPC cell was significantly higher than that in controls (p < 0.05), and enhanced with increased stimulations by transfected DCs. In addition, phenotypic analysis demonstrated that the LMP2-specific CTLs consisted of both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. These results showed that development of DC-based vaccine by transfection with malignancy-associated virus antigens could elicit potent CTL response and provide a potential strategy of immunotherapy for EBV-associated NPC.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-7
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume347
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Adenoviridae, Cell Differentiation, Cell Proliferation, Cell Shape, Cells, Cultured, Dendritic Cells, Gene Expression, Herpesvirus 4, Human, Humans, Neoplasms, Phenotype, Recombinant Proteins, T-Lymphocytes, Transfection, Viral Matrix Proteins