Improving rehabilitation in older people after emergency hospital admission

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Improving rehabilitation in older people after emergency hospital admission. / McKelvie, S; Lasserson, Daniel; Hall, A.M; Richmond, H.R; Finnegan, S.

In: Maturitas, Vol. 111, 05.2018, p. 20-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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McKelvie, S ; Lasserson, Daniel ; Hall, A.M ; Richmond, H.R ; Finnegan, S. / Improving rehabilitation in older people after emergency hospital admission. In: Maturitas. 2018 ; Vol. 111. pp. 20-30.

Bibtex

@article{6dffee5dd3494c3a9262632da87dbd0a,
title = "Improving rehabilitation in older people after emergency hospital admission",
abstract = "Purpose: Older adults are at risk of functional decline during emergency hospital admissions. This review aims to understand which exercise-based interventions are effective in improving function for older adults who experience unplanned admissions. Methods: Database searches identified randomised control trials (RCTs) comparing exercise based interventions with usual hospital care. The primary outcome was functional status measured by activities of daily living (ADL) scores. Secondary outcomes were length of hospital stay (LOS), mortality and readmissions. Subgroup meta-analyses were conducted on interventions delivered in-hospital only compared to interventions provided in-hospital and post-discharge. Results: After reviewing 8365 studies, nine studies were eligible for inclusion. Seven were included in the meta-analysis. Participants from five countries had a mean age of 79 years (1602 participants). Usual care varied considerably and the interventions showed heterogeneity with different combinations of strengthening, resistance, high intensity or mobility exercises. There were limited descriptions of exercise intervention delivery and participant adherence. There is low quality evidence supporting exercise interventions including both in hospital and post-discharge components (3 trials, SMD 0.56 (-0.02, 1.13)). Trials involving only in-hospital interventions were inconclusive for functional gains (5 trials, SMD -0.04 (-0.31, 0.22)). Conclusions: Exercise based rehabilitation for older patients after emergency hospitalisation improves functional ability if the intervention starts in hospital and continues post-discharge. No conclusions can be made on the effective exercise dose or content.Implications: Understanding the components of exercise interventions will improve service planning and delivery. Further studies are needed to understand the effective dose and content of exercise for hospitalised older adults.",
keywords = "Rehabilitation, Older adults, Exercise, Hospital admission",
author = "S McKelvie and Daniel Lasserson and A.M Hall and H.R Richmond and S Finnegan",
year = "2018",
month = may,
doi = "10.1016/j.maturitas.2018.02.011",
language = "English",
volume = "111",
pages = "20--30",
journal = "Maturitas",
issn = "0378-5122",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improving rehabilitation in older people after emergency hospital admission

AU - McKelvie, S

AU - Lasserson, Daniel

AU - Hall, A.M

AU - Richmond, H.R

AU - Finnegan, S

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - Purpose: Older adults are at risk of functional decline during emergency hospital admissions. This review aims to understand which exercise-based interventions are effective in improving function for older adults who experience unplanned admissions. Methods: Database searches identified randomised control trials (RCTs) comparing exercise based interventions with usual hospital care. The primary outcome was functional status measured by activities of daily living (ADL) scores. Secondary outcomes were length of hospital stay (LOS), mortality and readmissions. Subgroup meta-analyses were conducted on interventions delivered in-hospital only compared to interventions provided in-hospital and post-discharge. Results: After reviewing 8365 studies, nine studies were eligible for inclusion. Seven were included in the meta-analysis. Participants from five countries had a mean age of 79 years (1602 participants). Usual care varied considerably and the interventions showed heterogeneity with different combinations of strengthening, resistance, high intensity or mobility exercises. There were limited descriptions of exercise intervention delivery and participant adherence. There is low quality evidence supporting exercise interventions including both in hospital and post-discharge components (3 trials, SMD 0.56 (-0.02, 1.13)). Trials involving only in-hospital interventions were inconclusive for functional gains (5 trials, SMD -0.04 (-0.31, 0.22)). Conclusions: Exercise based rehabilitation for older patients after emergency hospitalisation improves functional ability if the intervention starts in hospital and continues post-discharge. No conclusions can be made on the effective exercise dose or content.Implications: Understanding the components of exercise interventions will improve service planning and delivery. Further studies are needed to understand the effective dose and content of exercise for hospitalised older adults.

AB - Purpose: Older adults are at risk of functional decline during emergency hospital admissions. This review aims to understand which exercise-based interventions are effective in improving function for older adults who experience unplanned admissions. Methods: Database searches identified randomised control trials (RCTs) comparing exercise based interventions with usual hospital care. The primary outcome was functional status measured by activities of daily living (ADL) scores. Secondary outcomes were length of hospital stay (LOS), mortality and readmissions. Subgroup meta-analyses were conducted on interventions delivered in-hospital only compared to interventions provided in-hospital and post-discharge. Results: After reviewing 8365 studies, nine studies were eligible for inclusion. Seven were included in the meta-analysis. Participants from five countries had a mean age of 79 years (1602 participants). Usual care varied considerably and the interventions showed heterogeneity with different combinations of strengthening, resistance, high intensity or mobility exercises. There were limited descriptions of exercise intervention delivery and participant adherence. There is low quality evidence supporting exercise interventions including both in hospital and post-discharge components (3 trials, SMD 0.56 (-0.02, 1.13)). Trials involving only in-hospital interventions were inconclusive for functional gains (5 trials, SMD -0.04 (-0.31, 0.22)). Conclusions: Exercise based rehabilitation for older patients after emergency hospitalisation improves functional ability if the intervention starts in hospital and continues post-discharge. No conclusions can be made on the effective exercise dose or content.Implications: Understanding the components of exercise interventions will improve service planning and delivery. Further studies are needed to understand the effective dose and content of exercise for hospitalised older adults.

KW - Rehabilitation

KW - Older adults

KW - Exercise

KW - Hospital admission

U2 - 10.1016/j.maturitas.2018.02.011

DO - 10.1016/j.maturitas.2018.02.011

M3 - Review article

VL - 111

SP - 20

EP - 30

JO - Maturitas

JF - Maturitas

SN - 0378-5122

ER -