Improving Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) Engine Efficiency and Emissions with Hydrogen from Exhaust Gas Fuel Reforming

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Exhaust gas fuel reforming has been identified as a thermochemical energy recovery technology with potential to improve gasoline engine efficiency, and thereby reduce CO2 in addition to other gaseous and particulate matter (PM) emissions. The principle relies on achieving energy recovery from the hot exhaust stream by endothermic catalytic reforming of gasoline and a fraction of the engine exhaust gas. The hydrogen-rich reformate has higher enthalpy than the gasoline fed to the reformer and is recirculated to the intake manifold, i.e. reformed exhaust gas recirculation (REGR).
The REGR system was simulated by supplying hydrogen and carbon monoxide (CO) into a conventional EGR system. The hydrogen and CO concentrations in the REGR stream were selected to be achievable in practice at typical gasoline exhaust temperatures. Emphasis was placed on comparing REGR to the baseline gasoline engine, and also to conventional EGR. The results demonstrate the potential of REGR to simultaneously increase thermal efficiency, reduce gaseous emissions and decrease PM formation.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5153-5162
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number10
Early online date11 Feb 2014
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2014


  • Exhaust-gas reforming; hydrogen; Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR); emissions; Particulate Matter (PM); Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI)