Importance of the C-terminus of the human 5-HT3A receptor subunit.
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Amongst the family members of Cys-loop LGICs, the atypical ability of the 5-HT3A subunit to form functional homomeric receptors allowed a direct investigation of the role of the C-terminus. Deletion of the three C-terminal amino acids (DeltaGln453-DeltaTyr454-DeltaAla455) from the h5-HT3A subunit prevented formation of a specific radioligand binding site as well as expression within the cell membrane. Removal of merely the C-terminal residue (DeltaAla455) reduced specific radioligand binding (to 4+/-1% relative to the wild-type; cells grown at 37 degrees C) and also cell membrane expression; these reductions were less evident when the DeltaAla455 expressing cells were grown at 27 degrees C (specific radioligand binding levels 27+/-5% relative to wild-type also grown at 27 degrees C). Mutation of the h5-HT3A C-terminal amino acid, alanine, for either glycine (Ala455Gly), valine (Ala455Val) or leucine (Ala455Leu) reduced specific radioligand binding levels by 24+/-23%, 32+/-12% and 88+/-1%, respectively; the latter mutant also displaying reduced membrane expression. In contrast, mutation to alanine of the two amino acids preceding the C-terminal alanine (Gln453Ala and Tyr454Ala) had no detrimental effects on specific radioligand binding or cell membrane expression levels. The present study demonstrates an important role for the C-terminus in the formation of the functional h5-HT3A receptor. The partial restoration of 5-HT3 receptor binding and cell membrane expression when cells expressing C-terminal mutant 5-HT3A subunits were grown at a lower temperature (27 degrees C) suggests that the C-terminus stabilises the 5-HT3 receptor allowing subunit folding and subsequent maturation.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2009|
- C-terminus, 5-HT(3)A receptor 5-HT3A receptor subunit, Protein folding and stability, LGIC