Implicit discrimination of basic facial expressions of positive/negative emotion in fragile x syndrome and autism spectrum disorder

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@article{6110b0fa90b04f4fbc70a583e13c852d,
title = "Implicit discrimination of basic facial expressions of positive/negative emotion in fragile x syndrome and autism spectrum disorder",
abstract = "Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by impaired social functioning. We examined the spontaneous discrimination of happy and disgusted facial expressions, from neutral faces, in individuals with FXS (n  =  13, Mage  =  19.70) and ASD (n  =  15, Mage  =  11.00) matched on adaptive behavior and verbal abilities measured by the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale. Eye gaze to the eyes and mouth of neutral faces was also measured. Results suggest individuals with FXS and ASD distinguish facial expressions spontaneously in the same way. Individuals with FXS looked significantly less at the eye region of neutral faces than individuals with ASD. These results provide insight into similarities and differences in face processing in two neurodevelopmental disorders noted for their similarities in social behavior. ",
keywords = "autism spectrum disorder, emotion discrimination, eye gaze, eye tracking, Fragile X syndrome",
author = "Hayley Crawford and Joanna Moss and Anderson, {Giles M.} and Chris Oliver and McCleery, {Joseph P.}",
year = "2015",
month = jul
doi = "10.1352/1944-7558-120.4.328",
language = "English",
volume = "120",
pages = "328--345",
journal = "American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities",
issn = "1944-7515",
publisher = "American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Implicit discrimination of basic facial expressions of positive/negative emotion in fragile x syndrome and autism spectrum disorder

AU - Crawford, Hayley

AU - Moss, Joanna

AU - Anderson, Giles M.

AU - Oliver, Chris

AU - McCleery, Joseph P.

PY - 2015/7

Y1 - 2015/7

N2 - Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by impaired social functioning. We examined the spontaneous discrimination of happy and disgusted facial expressions, from neutral faces, in individuals with FXS (n  =  13, Mage  =  19.70) and ASD (n  =  15, Mage  =  11.00) matched on adaptive behavior and verbal abilities measured by the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale. Eye gaze to the eyes and mouth of neutral faces was also measured. Results suggest individuals with FXS and ASD distinguish facial expressions spontaneously in the same way. Individuals with FXS looked significantly less at the eye region of neutral faces than individuals with ASD. These results provide insight into similarities and differences in face processing in two neurodevelopmental disorders noted for their similarities in social behavior.

AB - Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by impaired social functioning. We examined the spontaneous discrimination of happy and disgusted facial expressions, from neutral faces, in individuals with FXS (n  =  13, Mage  =  19.70) and ASD (n  =  15, Mage  =  11.00) matched on adaptive behavior and verbal abilities measured by the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale. Eye gaze to the eyes and mouth of neutral faces was also measured. Results suggest individuals with FXS and ASD distinguish facial expressions spontaneously in the same way. Individuals with FXS looked significantly less at the eye region of neutral faces than individuals with ASD. These results provide insight into similarities and differences in face processing in two neurodevelopmental disorders noted for their similarities in social behavior.

KW - autism spectrum disorder

KW - emotion discrimination

KW - eye gaze

KW - eye tracking

KW - Fragile X syndrome

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938942720&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1352/1944-7558-120.4.328

DO - 10.1352/1944-7558-120.4.328

M3 - Article

C2 - 26161470

VL - 120

SP - 328

EP - 345

JO - American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

JF - American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

SN - 1944-7515

IS - 4

ER -