Impaired Comprehension of Nonliteral Language in Tourette Syndrome

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Impaired Comprehension of Nonliteral Language in Tourette Syndrome. / Eddy, Clare; Mitchell, Ian; Beck, Sarah; Cavanna, Andrea; Rickards, Hugh.

In: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, Vol. 23, No. 3, 01.09.2010, p. 178-184.

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@article{8aedb33022924174b0fc50a09f99652d,
title = "Impaired Comprehension of Nonliteral Language in Tourette Syndrome",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate theory of mind and the understanding of nonliteral language in patients with Tourette syndrome (TS). Background: In TS, striatal dysfunction could affect the functioning of the frontal cortex. Changes in frontal functioning could lead to impairments in theory of mind: the understanding of mental states, such as beliefs, emotions, and intentions. Poor understanding of a speaker's mental state may also impair interpretation of their nonliteral remarks. Method: In this study, patients with TS and healthy controls completed tasks to assess their understanding of sarcasm, metaphor, indirect requests, and theory of mind. These tasks were the Pragmatic Story Comprehension Task, the Hinting task, and a faux pas task. Inhibitory ability was also assessed through the use of the Hayling task and a black and white Stroop test. Results: Patients with TS exhibited significant impairment on the faux pas task and Pragmatic Story Comprehension Task despite limited evidence of inhibitory impairment. Conclusion: TS may be associated with changes in theory of mind.",
keywords = "nonliteral language, frontostriatal dysfunction, Tourette syndrome, theory of mind",
author = "Clare Eddy and Ian Mitchell and Sarah Beck and Andrea Cavanna and Hugh Rickards",
year = "2010",
month = sep,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/WNN.0b013e3181e61cb7",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "178--184",
journal = "Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology",
issn = "1543-3633",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impaired Comprehension of Nonliteral Language in Tourette Syndrome

AU - Eddy, Clare

AU - Mitchell, Ian

AU - Beck, Sarah

AU - Cavanna, Andrea

AU - Rickards, Hugh

PY - 2010/9/1

Y1 - 2010/9/1

N2 - Objective: To investigate theory of mind and the understanding of nonliteral language in patients with Tourette syndrome (TS). Background: In TS, striatal dysfunction could affect the functioning of the frontal cortex. Changes in frontal functioning could lead to impairments in theory of mind: the understanding of mental states, such as beliefs, emotions, and intentions. Poor understanding of a speaker's mental state may also impair interpretation of their nonliteral remarks. Method: In this study, patients with TS and healthy controls completed tasks to assess their understanding of sarcasm, metaphor, indirect requests, and theory of mind. These tasks were the Pragmatic Story Comprehension Task, the Hinting task, and a faux pas task. Inhibitory ability was also assessed through the use of the Hayling task and a black and white Stroop test. Results: Patients with TS exhibited significant impairment on the faux pas task and Pragmatic Story Comprehension Task despite limited evidence of inhibitory impairment. Conclusion: TS may be associated with changes in theory of mind.

AB - Objective: To investigate theory of mind and the understanding of nonliteral language in patients with Tourette syndrome (TS). Background: In TS, striatal dysfunction could affect the functioning of the frontal cortex. Changes in frontal functioning could lead to impairments in theory of mind: the understanding of mental states, such as beliefs, emotions, and intentions. Poor understanding of a speaker's mental state may also impair interpretation of their nonliteral remarks. Method: In this study, patients with TS and healthy controls completed tasks to assess their understanding of sarcasm, metaphor, indirect requests, and theory of mind. These tasks were the Pragmatic Story Comprehension Task, the Hinting task, and a faux pas task. Inhibitory ability was also assessed through the use of the Hayling task and a black and white Stroop test. Results: Patients with TS exhibited significant impairment on the faux pas task and Pragmatic Story Comprehension Task despite limited evidence of inhibitory impairment. Conclusion: TS may be associated with changes in theory of mind.

KW - nonliteral language

KW - frontostriatal dysfunction

KW - Tourette syndrome

KW - theory of mind

U2 - 10.1097/WNN.0b013e3181e61cb7

DO - 10.1097/WNN.0b013e3181e61cb7

M3 - Article

C2 - 20829667

VL - 23

SP - 178

EP - 184

JO - Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology

JF - Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology

SN - 1543-3633

IS - 3

ER -