Impact of glycaemic control on fracture risk in 5368 people with newly diagnosed Type 1 diabetes: a time‐dependent analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

External organisations

  • University of Birmingham

Abstract

Aims: To assess whether glycaemic control is associated with a lifelong increased risk of fracture in people with newly diagnosed Type 1 diabetes.

Methods: People with newly diagnosed Type 1 diabetes between 1 January 1995 and 10 May 2016 were identified in The Health Improvement Network database. Longitudinal HbA1c measurements from diagnosis to fracture or study end
or loss to follow-up were collected. A Cox proportional hazards model with HbA1c included as a time-dependent variable was fitted to these data.

Results: Some 5368 people with newly diagnosed Type 1 diabetes were included. The estimated adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) for HbA1c was statistically significant [aHR 1.007; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.002–1.011 (mmol/mol) and aHR 1.07; 95% CI 1.03–1.12 (%)]. An incremental higher risk of fracture was observed with increasing levels of HbA1c.

Conclusions: In people with newly diagnosed Type 1 diabetes, higher HbA1c is associated with an increased risk for fractures.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1013-1019
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume36
Issue number8
Early online date8 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019