Immobilization of π-assembled metallo-supramolecular arrays in thin films: from crystal-engineered structures to processable materials

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • H Krass
  • EA Plummer
  • PR Barker
  • NW Alcock
  • DG Kurth

Colleges, School and Institutes


Layer‐by‐layer deposition of π‐assembled arrays of discrete metallo units with aryl tails and polystyrenesulfonate gives structurally well‐defined thin films (see schematic representation). The formation of these films, which is controlled by π–π interactions, metal–ion coordination, and electrostatic interactions, bridges the gap between supramolecular crystal engineering and design of layered materials.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3862-3865
Number of pages4
JournalAngewandte Chemie (International Edition)
Issue number20
Early online date10 Oct 2001
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2001


  • crystal engineering, thin films, pi interactions, supramolecular chemistry, N ligands