Identifying change processes in group-based health behaviour-change interventions: development of the mechanisms of action in group-based interventions (MAGI) framework

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Identifying change processes in group-based health behaviour-change interventions : development of the mechanisms of action in group-based interventions (MAGI) framework. / Borek, Aleksandra J; Abraham, Charles; Greaves, C.J.; Gillison, Fiona; Tarrant, Mark; Morgan-Trimmer, Sarah; McCabe, Rose; Smith, Jane R.

In: Health Psychology Review, Vol. 13, No. 3, 03.07.2019, p. 227-247.

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Borek, Aleksandra J ; Abraham, Charles ; Greaves, C.J. ; Gillison, Fiona ; Tarrant, Mark ; Morgan-Trimmer, Sarah ; McCabe, Rose ; Smith, Jane R. / Identifying change processes in group-based health behaviour-change interventions : development of the mechanisms of action in group-based interventions (MAGI) framework. In: Health Psychology Review. 2019 ; Vol. 13, No. 3. pp. 227-247.

Bibtex

@article{1a1bab90e8f44d9283ea66bc92d5cebf,
title = "Identifying change processes in group-based health behaviour-change interventions: development of the mechanisms of action in group-based interventions (MAGI) framework",
abstract = "Group-based interventions are widely used to promote health-related behaviour change. While processes operating in groups have been extensively described, it remains unclear how behaviour change is generated in group-based health-related behaviour-change interventions. Understanding how such interventions facilitate change is important to guide intervention design and process evaluations. We employed a mixed-methods approach to identify, map and define change processes operating in group-based behaviour-change interventions. We reviewed multidisciplinary literature on group dynamics, taxonomies of change technique categories, and measures of group processes. Using weight-loss groups as an exemplar, we also reviewed qualitative studies of participants' experiences and coded transcripts of 38 group sessions from three weight-loss interventions. Finally, we consulted group participants, facilitators and researchers about our developing synthesis of findings. The resulting 'Mechanisms of Action in Group-based Interventions' (MAGI) framework comprises six overarching categories: (1) group intervention design features, (2) facilitation techniques, (3) group dynamic and development processes, (4) inter-personal change processes, (5) selective intra-personal change processes operating in groups, and (6) contextual influences. The framework provides theoretical explanations of how change occurs in group-based behaviour-change interventions and can be applied to optimise their design and delivery, and to guide evaluation, facilitator training and further research.",
keywords = "Behaviour change, group dynamics, interpersonal change processes, mixed methods, review",
author = "Borek, {Aleksandra J} and Charles Abraham and C.J. Greaves and Fiona Gillison and Mark Tarrant and Sarah Morgan-Trimmer and Rose McCabe and Smith, {Jane R}",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/17437199.2019.1625282",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "227--247",
journal = "Health Psychology Review",
issn = "1743-7199",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identifying change processes in group-based health behaviour-change interventions

T2 - development of the mechanisms of action in group-based interventions (MAGI) framework

AU - Borek, Aleksandra J

AU - Abraham, Charles

AU - Greaves, C.J.

AU - Gillison, Fiona

AU - Tarrant, Mark

AU - Morgan-Trimmer, Sarah

AU - McCabe, Rose

AU - Smith, Jane R

PY - 2019/7/3

Y1 - 2019/7/3

N2 - Group-based interventions are widely used to promote health-related behaviour change. While processes operating in groups have been extensively described, it remains unclear how behaviour change is generated in group-based health-related behaviour-change interventions. Understanding how such interventions facilitate change is important to guide intervention design and process evaluations. We employed a mixed-methods approach to identify, map and define change processes operating in group-based behaviour-change interventions. We reviewed multidisciplinary literature on group dynamics, taxonomies of change technique categories, and measures of group processes. Using weight-loss groups as an exemplar, we also reviewed qualitative studies of participants' experiences and coded transcripts of 38 group sessions from three weight-loss interventions. Finally, we consulted group participants, facilitators and researchers about our developing synthesis of findings. The resulting 'Mechanisms of Action in Group-based Interventions' (MAGI) framework comprises six overarching categories: (1) group intervention design features, (2) facilitation techniques, (3) group dynamic and development processes, (4) inter-personal change processes, (5) selective intra-personal change processes operating in groups, and (6) contextual influences. The framework provides theoretical explanations of how change occurs in group-based behaviour-change interventions and can be applied to optimise their design and delivery, and to guide evaluation, facilitator training and further research.

AB - Group-based interventions are widely used to promote health-related behaviour change. While processes operating in groups have been extensively described, it remains unclear how behaviour change is generated in group-based health-related behaviour-change interventions. Understanding how such interventions facilitate change is important to guide intervention design and process evaluations. We employed a mixed-methods approach to identify, map and define change processes operating in group-based behaviour-change interventions. We reviewed multidisciplinary literature on group dynamics, taxonomies of change technique categories, and measures of group processes. Using weight-loss groups as an exemplar, we also reviewed qualitative studies of participants' experiences and coded transcripts of 38 group sessions from three weight-loss interventions. Finally, we consulted group participants, facilitators and researchers about our developing synthesis of findings. The resulting 'Mechanisms of Action in Group-based Interventions' (MAGI) framework comprises six overarching categories: (1) group intervention design features, (2) facilitation techniques, (3) group dynamic and development processes, (4) inter-personal change processes, (5) selective intra-personal change processes operating in groups, and (6) contextual influences. The framework provides theoretical explanations of how change occurs in group-based behaviour-change interventions and can be applied to optimise their design and delivery, and to guide evaluation, facilitator training and further research.

KW - Behaviour change

KW - group dynamics

KW - interpersonal change processes

KW - mixed methods

KW - review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067586266&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17437199.2019.1625282

DO - 10.1080/17437199.2019.1625282

M3 - Article

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VL - 13

SP - 227

EP - 247

JO - Health Psychology Review

JF - Health Psychology Review

SN - 1743-7199

IS - 3

ER -