Hydrological modelling of water-level changes in an area of archaeological significance: a case study from Flag Fen, Cambridgeshire, UK

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Hydrological modelling of water-level changes in an area of archaeological significance : a case study from Flag Fen, Cambridgeshire, UK. / Wagstaff, Susan; Cheetham, James; Davis, Alice; Williams, Jim; Outram, Zoe; Priddy, Debbie; Chapman, Henry.

In: Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, Vol. 18, No. 1-3, 10.09.2016, p. 156-169.

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Wagstaff, Susan ; Cheetham, James ; Davis, Alice ; Williams, Jim ; Outram, Zoe ; Priddy, Debbie ; Chapman, Henry. / Hydrological modelling of water-level changes in an area of archaeological significance : a case study from Flag Fen, Cambridgeshire, UK. In: Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites. 2016 ; Vol. 18, No. 1-3. pp. 156-169.

Bibtex

@article{4b7159ce38af4e2a8b4c09c5ad1e4891,
title = "Hydrological modelling of water-level changes in an area of archaeological significance: a case study from Flag Fen, Cambridgeshire, UK",
abstract = "Concern exists regarding the long-term viability of the internationally important archaeological remains of the Flag Fen site near Peterborough. This paper describes a hydrogeological numerical groundwater model which has been used to understand the groundwater situation with regard to the archaeology, including drainage impacts, and also to explore future scenarios. Observed and modelled groundwater levels have been interpreted using three zones: the {\textquoteleft}dry{\textquoteright} zone 1 above the seasonal maximum water table; zone 2 of seasonal water table fluctuation; and a deeper zone 3 of permanent saturation. Archaeological wood is best preserved in Zone 3. Much of the Bronze Age wooden structure is located within Zone 2 or above. The hydrological conditions are therefore not ideal for the long-term in situ preservation of the material. Groundwater modelling indicates that the main factor controlling groundwater levels in the area is artificial drainage. The approach would be applicable to other wet-preserved archaeological sites. ",
keywords = "hydrogeology, modelling, preservation in peat, groundwater-level, fluctuation",
author = "Susan Wagstaff and James Cheetham and Alice Davis and Jim Williams and Zoe Outram and Debbie Priddy and Henry Chapman",
year = "2016",
month = sep,
day = "10",
doi = "10.1080/13505033.2016.1182753",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "156--169",
journal = "Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites",
issn = "1350-5033",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "1-3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrological modelling of water-level changes in an area of archaeological significance

T2 - a case study from Flag Fen, Cambridgeshire, UK

AU - Wagstaff, Susan

AU - Cheetham, James

AU - Davis, Alice

AU - Williams, Jim

AU - Outram, Zoe

AU - Priddy, Debbie

AU - Chapman, Henry

PY - 2016/9/10

Y1 - 2016/9/10

N2 - Concern exists regarding the long-term viability of the internationally important archaeological remains of the Flag Fen site near Peterborough. This paper describes a hydrogeological numerical groundwater model which has been used to understand the groundwater situation with regard to the archaeology, including drainage impacts, and also to explore future scenarios. Observed and modelled groundwater levels have been interpreted using three zones: the ‘dry’ zone 1 above the seasonal maximum water table; zone 2 of seasonal water table fluctuation; and a deeper zone 3 of permanent saturation. Archaeological wood is best preserved in Zone 3. Much of the Bronze Age wooden structure is located within Zone 2 or above. The hydrological conditions are therefore not ideal for the long-term in situ preservation of the material. Groundwater modelling indicates that the main factor controlling groundwater levels in the area is artificial drainage. The approach would be applicable to other wet-preserved archaeological sites.

AB - Concern exists regarding the long-term viability of the internationally important archaeological remains of the Flag Fen site near Peterborough. This paper describes a hydrogeological numerical groundwater model which has been used to understand the groundwater situation with regard to the archaeology, including drainage impacts, and also to explore future scenarios. Observed and modelled groundwater levels have been interpreted using three zones: the ‘dry’ zone 1 above the seasonal maximum water table; zone 2 of seasonal water table fluctuation; and a deeper zone 3 of permanent saturation. Archaeological wood is best preserved in Zone 3. Much of the Bronze Age wooden structure is located within Zone 2 or above. The hydrological conditions are therefore not ideal for the long-term in situ preservation of the material. Groundwater modelling indicates that the main factor controlling groundwater levels in the area is artificial drainage. The approach would be applicable to other wet-preserved archaeological sites.

KW - hydrogeology

KW - modelling

KW - preservation in peat

KW - groundwater-level

KW - fluctuation

U2 - 10.1080/13505033.2016.1182753

DO - 10.1080/13505033.2016.1182753

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 156

EP - 169

JO - Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites

JF - Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites

SN - 1350-5033

IS - 1-3

ER -