Hydrogel scaffolds for differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Authors

  • Qiutong Huang
  • Yijie Zou
  • Shuai Chen
  • Tao Wang
  • Jingyi Gao
  • Jianzhong Du

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Department of Polymeric Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 4800 Caoan Road, Shanghai, 201804, China. jzdu@tongji.edu.cn.

Abstract

Natural extracellular matrices (ECMs) have been widely used as a support for the adhesion, migration, differentiation, and proliferation of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). However, poor mechanical behavior and unpredictable biodegradation properties of natural ECMs considerably limit their potential for bioapplications and raise the need for different, synthetic scaffolds. Hydrogels are regarded as the most promising alternative materials as a consequence of their excellent swelling properties and their resemblance to soft tissues. A variety of strategies have been applied to create synthetic biomimetic hydrogels, and their biophysical and biochemical properties have been modulated to be suitable for cell differentiation. In this review, we first give an overview of common methods for hydrogel preparation with a focus on those strategies that provide potential advantages for ADSC encapsulation, before summarizing the physical properties of hydrogel scaffolds that can act as biological cues. Finally, the challenges in the preparation and application of hydrogels with ADSCs are explored and the perspectives are proposed for the next generation of scaffolds.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6255-6275
Number of pages21
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Volume46
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Adipose Tissue/cytology, Cell Differentiation/drug effects, Extracellular Matrix/drug effects, Humans, Hydrogels/chemical synthesis, Stem Cells/cytology