How well do simulated last glacial maximum tropical temperatures constrain equilibrium climate sensitivity?

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How well do simulated last glacial maximum tropical temperatures constrain equilibrium climate sensitivity? / Hopcroft, Peter O.; Valdes, Paul J.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, No. 13, 16.07.2015, p. 5533-5539.

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@article{b2c95c7e97a246b297bd81bca55c53d7,
title = "How well do simulated last glacial maximum tropical temperatures constrain equilibrium climate sensitivity?",
abstract = "Previous work demonstrated a significant correlation between tropical surface air temperature and equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) in PMIP (Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project) phase 2 model simulations of the last glacial maximum (LGM). This implies that reconstructed LGM cooling in this region could provide information about the climate system ECS value. We analyze results from new simulations of the LGM performed as part of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) and PMIP phase 3. These results show no consistent relationship between the LGM tropical cooling and ECS. A radiative forcing and feedback analysis shows that a number of factors are responsible for this decoupling, some of which are related to vegetation and aerosol feedbacks. While several of the processes identified are LGM specific and do not impact on elevated CO2 simulations, this analysis demonstrates one area where the newer CMIP5 models behave in a qualitatively different manner compared with the older ensemble. The results imply that so-called Earth System components such as vegetation and aerosols can have a significant impact on the climate response in LGM simulations, and this should be taken into account in future analyses. Key Points New LGM simulations show no tropical temperature to climate sensitivity relation This is caused by a model complexity, especially due to Earth System components It is unclear how inferred ECS will change as more model components are included.",
keywords = "cloud radiative effects, CMIP5, Earth System, feedbacks, LGM",
author = "Hopcroft, {Peter O.} and Valdes, {Paul J.}",
year = "2015",
month = jul,
day = "16",
doi = "10.1002/2015GL064903",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "5533--5539",
journal = "Geophysical Research Letters",
issn = "0094-8276",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "13",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - How well do simulated last glacial maximum tropical temperatures constrain equilibrium climate sensitivity?

AU - Hopcroft, Peter O.

AU - Valdes, Paul J.

PY - 2015/7/16

Y1 - 2015/7/16

N2 - Previous work demonstrated a significant correlation between tropical surface air temperature and equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) in PMIP (Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project) phase 2 model simulations of the last glacial maximum (LGM). This implies that reconstructed LGM cooling in this region could provide information about the climate system ECS value. We analyze results from new simulations of the LGM performed as part of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) and PMIP phase 3. These results show no consistent relationship between the LGM tropical cooling and ECS. A radiative forcing and feedback analysis shows that a number of factors are responsible for this decoupling, some of which are related to vegetation and aerosol feedbacks. While several of the processes identified are LGM specific and do not impact on elevated CO2 simulations, this analysis demonstrates one area where the newer CMIP5 models behave in a qualitatively different manner compared with the older ensemble. The results imply that so-called Earth System components such as vegetation and aerosols can have a significant impact on the climate response in LGM simulations, and this should be taken into account in future analyses. Key Points New LGM simulations show no tropical temperature to climate sensitivity relation This is caused by a model complexity, especially due to Earth System components It is unclear how inferred ECS will change as more model components are included.

AB - Previous work demonstrated a significant correlation between tropical surface air temperature and equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) in PMIP (Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project) phase 2 model simulations of the last glacial maximum (LGM). This implies that reconstructed LGM cooling in this region could provide information about the climate system ECS value. We analyze results from new simulations of the LGM performed as part of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) and PMIP phase 3. These results show no consistent relationship between the LGM tropical cooling and ECS. A radiative forcing and feedback analysis shows that a number of factors are responsible for this decoupling, some of which are related to vegetation and aerosol feedbacks. While several of the processes identified are LGM specific and do not impact on elevated CO2 simulations, this analysis demonstrates one area where the newer CMIP5 models behave in a qualitatively different manner compared with the older ensemble. The results imply that so-called Earth System components such as vegetation and aerosols can have a significant impact on the climate response in LGM simulations, and this should be taken into account in future analyses. Key Points New LGM simulations show no tropical temperature to climate sensitivity relation This is caused by a model complexity, especially due to Earth System components It is unclear how inferred ECS will change as more model components are included.

KW - cloud radiative effects

KW - CMIP5

KW - Earth System

KW - feedbacks

KW - LGM

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938118156&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/2015GL064903

DO - 10.1002/2015GL064903

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84938118156

VL - 42

SP - 5533

EP - 5539

JO - Geophysical Research Letters

JF - Geophysical Research Letters

SN - 0094-8276

IS - 13

ER -