How to observe and quantify quantum-discord states via correlations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Aston University
  • Weizmann Inst Sci

Abstract

Quantum correlations between parts of a composite system most clearly reveal themselves through entanglement. Designing, maintaining, and controlling entangled systems is very demanding, which raises the stakes for understanding the efficacy of entanglement-free, yet quantum correlations, exemplified by quantum discord. Discord is defined via conditional mutual entropies of parts of a composite system and its direct measurement is hardly possible even via full tomographic characterization of the system state. Here we design a simple protocol to detect and quantify quantum discord in an unentangled bipartite system. Our protocol relies on a characteristic of discord that can be extracted from repeated direct measurements of certain correlations between subsystems of the bipartite system. The proposed protocol opens a way of extending experimental studies of discord to electronic systems, but can also be implemented in quantum-optical systems.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number022321
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume100
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • quant-ph, cond-mat.mes-hall