How is mindreading really like reading?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Ian A. Apperly

Colleges, School and Institutes


I suggest an alternative basis for Heyes' analogy between cultural learning of mindreading and text reading. Unlike text reading, mindreading does not entail decoding of observable stimuli. Like text reading, mindreading requires relevant inferences. Identification of relevant inferences is a deeply challenging problem, and the most important contribution of cultural learning to mindreading may be an apprenticeship in thinking like a mindreader.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e170
JournalThe Behavioral and brain sciences
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2019