Historical daily gas and electrical energy flows through Great Britain's transmission networks and the decarbonisation of domestic heat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Anthony J R Rennie
  • Yulong Ding
  • Philip C. Eames
  • Peter J. Hall
  • Nicolas J. Kelly

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Sheffield University
  • University of Leeds
  • Loughborough University
  • University of Strathclyde


Publically available data is presented comparing recent historical daily energy flows through Great Britain's electrical and gas transmission networks with a focus on domestic heat and hot water. When this data is expressed graphically it illustrates important differences in the characteristics of the gas and electricity demand; these include the quantity of energy delivered through the networks on a daily basis, the scale of variability in the gas demand over multiple timescales (seasonal, weekly and daily) and the relative stability and predictability of the electrical demand. As the United Kingdom proceeds to migrate heating demands to the electrical network in its drive to cut carbon emissions, electrical demand will increase, but equally importantly the variability and uncertainty shown in the gas demand will also migrate to the electrical demand, which suggests both technical challenges and opportunities for management of future energy networks.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-305
Number of pages5
JournalEnergy Policy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013


  • Electrification of heat, Energy system balancing, Heat storage