Highly Efficient Energy Transfer in Light Emissive Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) and Poly(p-phenylenevinylene) Blend System

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Muhammad Umair Hassaan
  • Yee Chen Liu
  • Kamran ul Hasan
  • Mohsin Rafique
  • Ali K. Yetisen
  • Richard Henry Friend

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Cambridge
  • Department of Science and Technology, Campus Norrköping, Linköping University
  • Xue Laboratory, Center for Quantum Science and Technology
  • Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology


A polymer blend system F81-x:SYx based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (F8) from the family of polyfluorenes (PFO) and a poly(para-phenylenevinylene) (PPV) derivative superyellow (SY) shows highly efficient energy transfer from F8 host to SY guest molecules. This has been realized due to a strong overlap between F8 photoemission and SY photoabsorption spectra and negligibly low self-absorption. The steady-state and time-correlated spectroscopic measurements show an increased photoluminescence quantum efficiency (PLQE) and lifetime (τ) of SY, with an opposite trend of decreasing PLQE and τ of F8 excitons with increasing SY concentration, suggesting the Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to be the main decay pathway in the proposed system. The systematic study of the exciton dynamics shows a complete energy transfer at 10% of SY in the F8 host matrix and a Förster radius of ∼6.3 nm. The polymer blend system exhibits low laser and amplified spontaneous emission thresholds. An ultrahigh efficiency (27 cd·A-1) in F81-x:SYx based light emitting diodes (LED) has been realized due to the intrinsic property of a well-balanced charge transport within the emissive layer. The dual pathway, that is, the efficient energy transfer between the blended molecules via resonance energy transfer, and the charge-traps-assisted balanced transport makes the system promising for achieving highly efficient devices and a potential candidate for lasing applications.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-613
Number of pages7
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number2
Early online date17 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2018


  • Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), poly(para-phenylene-vinylene), polyfluorene, polymer blends, steady state spectroscopy, time-resolved spectroscopy, ultrafast spectroscopy