Hemodynamic, hemostatic, and endothelial reactions to psychological and physical stress in coronary artery disease patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • SL Bacon
  • FL Saw Hee
  • Andrew Blann
  • KL Lavoie

Abstract

Episodes of psychological and physical stress may elicit thrombotic cardiac events, such as myocardial infarction. These events are triggered when there are concurrent hemodynamic, hemostatic, and endothelial abnormalities. Hemodynamic, hemostatic, and endothelial reactions of 72 (15 women, 57 men) coronary artery disease patients to psychological and physical stress were examined. Blood pressure, electrocardiography, and impedance cardiography were recorded during rest, mental arithmetic, and exercise. Blood was collected, via catheter, at rest and after each task. Mental arithmetic elicited increases in blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac output, and cardiac contractility, but no consistent changes in hemostatic and endothelial markers. In contrast, exercise, in addition to increasing blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac output, cardiac contractility, and lowering peripheral resistance, elicited increases in plasma viscosity, hematocrit, platelets, and tissue plasminogen activator together with a decrease in plasminogen activator inhibitor. This pattern of hemodynamic, hemostatic, and endothelial reactions suggests that acute psychological and physical stress influence the thrombotic system differently in these high risk patients. Future research is needed to investigate how these stress responses are prospectively related to acute cardiac events.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-170
Number of pages9
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume71
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2006

Keywords

  • hemostatic, exercise, endothelial, mental arithmetic, hemodynamic