Hamilton cycles and perfect matchings in the KPKVB model

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  • University of Groningen
  • University of Lyon
  • University of Groningen


In this paper we consider the existence of Hamilton cycles and perfect matchings in a random graph model proposed by Krioukov et al. in 2010. In this model, nodes are chosen randomly inside a disk in the hyperbolic plane and two nodes are connected if they are at most a certain hyperbolic distance from each other. It has been previously shown that this model has various properties associated with complex networks, including a power-law degree distribution, “short distances” and a non-vanishing clustering coefficient. The model is specified using three parameters: the number of nodes n, which we think of as going to infinity, and α, ν > 0, which we think of as constant. Roughly speaking α controls the power law exponent of the degree sequence and ν the average degree. Here we show that for every α < 1/2 and ν = ν(α) sufficiently small, the model does not contain a perfect matching with high probability, whereas for every α < 1/2 and ν = ν(α) sufficiently large, the model contains a Hamilton cycle with high probability.


Original languageEnglish
JournalStochastic Processes and their Applications
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sep 2020


  • hyperbolic random graphs, Hamilton cycles, perfect matchings, threshold

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