Groundwater flooding: ecosystem structure following an extreme recharge event

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Groundwater flooding: ecosystem structure following an extreme recharge event. / Reiss, Julia; Perkins, Daniel M.; Fussmann, Katarina E.; Krause, Stefan; Canhoto, Cristina; Romeijn, Paul; Robertson, Anne L.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 652, 20.02.2019, p. 1252-1260.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Reiss, J, Perkins, DM, Fussmann, KE, Krause, S, Canhoto, C, Romeijn, P & Robertson, AL 2019, 'Groundwater flooding: ecosystem structure following an extreme recharge event', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 652, pp. 1252-1260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.216

APA

Reiss, J., Perkins, D. M., Fussmann, K. E., Krause, S., Canhoto, C., Romeijn, P., & Robertson, A. L. (2019). Groundwater flooding: ecosystem structure following an extreme recharge event. Science of the Total Environment, 652, 1252-1260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.216

Vancouver

Author

Reiss, Julia ; Perkins, Daniel M. ; Fussmann, Katarina E. ; Krause, Stefan ; Canhoto, Cristina ; Romeijn, Paul ; Robertson, Anne L. / Groundwater flooding: ecosystem structure following an extreme recharge event. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2019 ; Vol. 652. pp. 1252-1260.

Bibtex

@article{1071f79f08de4fa4b37377399cd439d2,
title = "Groundwater flooding:: ecosystem structure following an extreme recharge event",
abstract = "1)Aquifers are recharged by surface water percolating through soil and rock and by connections with surface streams and rivers. Extreme rainfall can cause extensive flooding of surface waters and, eventually, of groundwaters. However, how the resultant changes in nutrients impact groundwater organisms and the structure of groundwater food webs is largely unknown.2)We monitored abiotic (nutrients, temperature and more) and biotic (all organismal groups except viruses) conditions in eight groundwater boreholes in two locations in a chalk aquifer over the course of 25 weeks (ten sampling occasions), following an extreme rainfall- and groundwater-flooding event in the UK.3)We show that groundwater flooding can cause substantial nutrient fertilisation of aquifers – nutrient concentrations (especially dissolved organic carbon) in the groundwater were highest when we started the sampling campaign, directly following the flood event, and then decreased over time while groundwater levels also declined back to their baseline.4)Bacteria in the open water (i.e. bacteria not associated with sediment) became more abundant as the water table and DOC concentrations decreased. Importantly their functional richness tracked the DOC patterns, illustrating that bacteria were responsible for respiring DOC. Microbial metabolic activity and bacterial respiration, measured using smart tracers, supported this finding; DOC and microbial respiration showed a positive correlation.5)The other biota (protists, micro- and macro-metazoans) showed different abundance patterns over time, but importantly, the entire sediment community, ranging from bacteria to macrofaunal species, showed a strong community size structure (mean size spectra slope: −1.12). Size spectra changed gradually through time towards steeper slopes, except in the very deep aquifer.6)Our approach allowed us to demonstrate that groundwater communities track extreme changes in their usually stable environment, highlighting that they potentially buffer environmental change, although we still do not know what the limits of this ‘service’ might be.",
keywords = "DOC, protozoan, bacteria, recharge, stygobite, metabolism",
author = "Julia Reiss and Perkins, {Daniel M.} and Fussmann, {Katarina E.} and Stefan Krause and Cristina Canhoto and Paul Romeijn and Robertson, {Anne L.}",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.216",
language = "English",
volume = "652",
pages = "1252--1260",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Groundwater flooding:

T2 - ecosystem structure following an extreme recharge event

AU - Reiss, Julia

AU - Perkins, Daniel M.

AU - Fussmann, Katarina E.

AU - Krause, Stefan

AU - Canhoto, Cristina

AU - Romeijn, Paul

AU - Robertson, Anne L.

PY - 2019/2/20

Y1 - 2019/2/20

N2 - 1)Aquifers are recharged by surface water percolating through soil and rock and by connections with surface streams and rivers. Extreme rainfall can cause extensive flooding of surface waters and, eventually, of groundwaters. However, how the resultant changes in nutrients impact groundwater organisms and the structure of groundwater food webs is largely unknown.2)We monitored abiotic (nutrients, temperature and more) and biotic (all organismal groups except viruses) conditions in eight groundwater boreholes in two locations in a chalk aquifer over the course of 25 weeks (ten sampling occasions), following an extreme rainfall- and groundwater-flooding event in the UK.3)We show that groundwater flooding can cause substantial nutrient fertilisation of aquifers – nutrient concentrations (especially dissolved organic carbon) in the groundwater were highest when we started the sampling campaign, directly following the flood event, and then decreased over time while groundwater levels also declined back to their baseline.4)Bacteria in the open water (i.e. bacteria not associated with sediment) became more abundant as the water table and DOC concentrations decreased. Importantly their functional richness tracked the DOC patterns, illustrating that bacteria were responsible for respiring DOC. Microbial metabolic activity and bacterial respiration, measured using smart tracers, supported this finding; DOC and microbial respiration showed a positive correlation.5)The other biota (protists, micro- and macro-metazoans) showed different abundance patterns over time, but importantly, the entire sediment community, ranging from bacteria to macrofaunal species, showed a strong community size structure (mean size spectra slope: −1.12). Size spectra changed gradually through time towards steeper slopes, except in the very deep aquifer.6)Our approach allowed us to demonstrate that groundwater communities track extreme changes in their usually stable environment, highlighting that they potentially buffer environmental change, although we still do not know what the limits of this ‘service’ might be.

AB - 1)Aquifers are recharged by surface water percolating through soil and rock and by connections with surface streams and rivers. Extreme rainfall can cause extensive flooding of surface waters and, eventually, of groundwaters. However, how the resultant changes in nutrients impact groundwater organisms and the structure of groundwater food webs is largely unknown.2)We monitored abiotic (nutrients, temperature and more) and biotic (all organismal groups except viruses) conditions in eight groundwater boreholes in two locations in a chalk aquifer over the course of 25 weeks (ten sampling occasions), following an extreme rainfall- and groundwater-flooding event in the UK.3)We show that groundwater flooding can cause substantial nutrient fertilisation of aquifers – nutrient concentrations (especially dissolved organic carbon) in the groundwater were highest when we started the sampling campaign, directly following the flood event, and then decreased over time while groundwater levels also declined back to their baseline.4)Bacteria in the open water (i.e. bacteria not associated with sediment) became more abundant as the water table and DOC concentrations decreased. Importantly their functional richness tracked the DOC patterns, illustrating that bacteria were responsible for respiring DOC. Microbial metabolic activity and bacterial respiration, measured using smart tracers, supported this finding; DOC and microbial respiration showed a positive correlation.5)The other biota (protists, micro- and macro-metazoans) showed different abundance patterns over time, but importantly, the entire sediment community, ranging from bacteria to macrofaunal species, showed a strong community size structure (mean size spectra slope: −1.12). Size spectra changed gradually through time towards steeper slopes, except in the very deep aquifer.6)Our approach allowed us to demonstrate that groundwater communities track extreme changes in their usually stable environment, highlighting that they potentially buffer environmental change, although we still do not know what the limits of this ‘service’ might be.

KW - DOC

KW - protozoan

KW - bacteria

KW - recharge

KW - stygobite

KW - metabolism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055746570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.216

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.216

M3 - Article

VL - 652

SP - 1252

EP - 1260

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -