Greater child dental health inequality in England compared to Wales and Northern Ireland, despite lower average disease levels

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Greater child dental health inequality in England compared to Wales and Northern Ireland, despite lower average disease levels. / Sofi-Mahmudi, Ahmad ; Moradi, Sara; Salomon Ibarra, Candy; Morris, John; Ravaghi, Vahid.

In: Community Dental Health, Vol. 37, No. 2, 06.2020, p. 138-142.

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@article{7865c05986594a02be24d1010210aa98,
title = "Greater child dental health inequality in England compared to Wales and Northern Ireland, despite lower average disease levels",
abstract = "Introduction: Dental caries and inequalities in dental health are major public health concerns. Aim: To report variation in dental cariesexperience across deprivation quintiles and the magnitude of inequalities between countries. Design: Secondary analyses of cross-sectionaldata from the 2013 Child Dental Health Survey (CDHS) in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Materials and methods: Distributionof dental caries across deprivation quintiles were estimated using as proportions and means. The magnitude of inequalities was calculatedusing the Relative Index of Inequality (RII). Main outcomes: Dental caries experience as indicated by the prevalence (%dmft/DMFT>0)and severity (dmft/DMFT) of {\textquoteleft}obvious{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft}clinical{\textquoteright} decay experience in both primary and permanent dentitions. Results: Children frommore deprived quintiles showed higher prevalence and severity of dental caries. RIIs for dental caries were greater in England than Walesor Northern Ireland, indicating greater relative inequalities despite lower average dental caries experience. The prevalence and severity ofdental caries among the most deprived children in England were 1.7 to 3.7 times greater than those of the least deprived. Conclusion:There is a deprivation gradient in child dental caries in all three countries, with England showing the greatest inequalities.",
keywords = "Dental caries, Dental health surveys, DMF index, Socioeconomic status, DMF Index, Dental Health Surveys, Dental Caries",
author = "Ahmad Sofi-Mahmudi and Sara Moradi and {Salomon Ibarra}, Candy and John Morris and Vahid Ravaghi",
year = "2020",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1922/CDH_00007Ravaghi05",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "138--142",
journal = "Community Dental Health",
issn = "0265-539X",
publisher = "Dennis Barber",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Greater child dental health inequality in England compared to Wales and Northern Ireland, despite lower average disease levels

AU - Sofi-Mahmudi, Ahmad

AU - Moradi, Sara

AU - Salomon Ibarra, Candy

AU - Morris, John

AU - Ravaghi, Vahid

PY - 2020/6

Y1 - 2020/6

N2 - Introduction: Dental caries and inequalities in dental health are major public health concerns. Aim: To report variation in dental cariesexperience across deprivation quintiles and the magnitude of inequalities between countries. Design: Secondary analyses of cross-sectionaldata from the 2013 Child Dental Health Survey (CDHS) in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Materials and methods: Distributionof dental caries across deprivation quintiles were estimated using as proportions and means. The magnitude of inequalities was calculatedusing the Relative Index of Inequality (RII). Main outcomes: Dental caries experience as indicated by the prevalence (%dmft/DMFT>0)and severity (dmft/DMFT) of ‘obvious’ and ‘clinical’ decay experience in both primary and permanent dentitions. Results: Children frommore deprived quintiles showed higher prevalence and severity of dental caries. RIIs for dental caries were greater in England than Walesor Northern Ireland, indicating greater relative inequalities despite lower average dental caries experience. The prevalence and severity ofdental caries among the most deprived children in England were 1.7 to 3.7 times greater than those of the least deprived. Conclusion:There is a deprivation gradient in child dental caries in all three countries, with England showing the greatest inequalities.

AB - Introduction: Dental caries and inequalities in dental health are major public health concerns. Aim: To report variation in dental cariesexperience across deprivation quintiles and the magnitude of inequalities between countries. Design: Secondary analyses of cross-sectionaldata from the 2013 Child Dental Health Survey (CDHS) in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Materials and methods: Distributionof dental caries across deprivation quintiles were estimated using as proportions and means. The magnitude of inequalities was calculatedusing the Relative Index of Inequality (RII). Main outcomes: Dental caries experience as indicated by the prevalence (%dmft/DMFT>0)and severity (dmft/DMFT) of ‘obvious’ and ‘clinical’ decay experience in both primary and permanent dentitions. Results: Children frommore deprived quintiles showed higher prevalence and severity of dental caries. RIIs for dental caries were greater in England than Walesor Northern Ireland, indicating greater relative inequalities despite lower average dental caries experience. The prevalence and severity ofdental caries among the most deprived children in England were 1.7 to 3.7 times greater than those of the least deprived. Conclusion:There is a deprivation gradient in child dental caries in all three countries, with England showing the greatest inequalities.

KW - Dental caries

KW - Dental health surveys

KW - DMF index

KW - Socioeconomic status

KW - DMF Index

KW - Dental Health Surveys

KW - Dental Caries

UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32212432

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85085744462&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1922/CDH_00007Ravaghi05

DO - 10.1922/CDH_00007Ravaghi05

M3 - Article

VL - 37

SP - 138

EP - 142

JO - Community Dental Health

JF - Community Dental Health

SN - 0265-539X

IS - 2

ER -