Goal motives and multiple-goal striving in sport and academia: a person-centered investigation of goal motives and inter-goal relations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes



This investigation extended the goal striving literature by examining motives for two goals being pursued simultaneously. Grounded in self-determination theory, we examined how student-athletes’ motives for their sporting and academic goals were associated with inter-goal facilitation and interference.


Cross-sectional survey.


UK university student-athletes (n = 204) identified their most important sporting and academic goals. They then rated their extrinsic, introjected, identified and intrinsic motives for these goals and completed questionnaires assessing inter-goal facilitation and interference.


Using a person-centered approach via latent profile analysis, we identified three distinct profiles of goal motives. Auxiliary analyses showed that the profile with high identified motives for both goals reported greater inter-goal facilitation.


Extending the previous literature, the findings demonstrate the benefits of autonomous motives when simultaneously pursing goals in sport and academia.


Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Early online date17 Mar 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Mar 2016


  • Goals, Motivation, Inter-goal facilitation, Inter-goal interference, Latent profile analysis, Self-determination theory