Global consensus recommendations on prevention and management of nutritional rickets

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Global consensus recommendations on prevention and management of nutritional rickets. / Högler, Wolfgang; Global Consensus Group.

In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 101, No. 2, 08.01.2016, p. 394-415.

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Högler, Wolfgang ; Global Consensus Group. / Global consensus recommendations on prevention and management of nutritional rickets. In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2016 ; Vol. 101, No. 2. pp. 394-415.

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@article{8371b7376143495bbb5c3780270b997d,
title = "Global consensus recommendations on prevention and management of nutritional rickets",
abstract = "Background:Vitamin D and calcium deficiencies are common worldwide, causing nutritional rickets and osteomalacia, which have a major impact on health, growth, and development of infants, children, and adolescents; the consequences can be lethal or can last into adulthood. The goals of this evidence-based consensus document are to provide health care professionals with guidance for prevention, diagnosis, and management of nutritional rickets and to provide policy makers with a framework to work toward its eradication.Evidence:A systematic literature search examining the definition, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of nutritional rickets in children was conducted. Evidence-based recommendations were developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system that describe the strength of the recommendation and the quality of supporting evidence.Process:Thirty-three nominated experts in pediatric endocrinology, pediatrics, nutrition, epidemiology, public health, and health economics evaluated the evidence on specific questions within five working groups. The consensus group, representing 11 international scientific organizations, participated in a multiday conference in May 2014 to reach a global evidence-based consensus.Results:This consensus document defines nutritional rickets and its diagnostic criteria and describes the clinical management of rickets and osteomalacia. Risk factors, particularly in mothers and infants, are ranked, and specific prevention recommendations including food fortification and supplementation are offered for both the clinical and public health contexts.Conclusion:Rickets, osteomalacia, and vitamin D and calcium deficiencies are preventable global public health problems in infants, children, and adolescents. Implementation of international rickets prevention programs, including supplementation and food fortification, is urgently required.- See more at: http://press.endocrine.org/doi/10.1210/jc.2015-2175#sthash.PCnArlLv.dpuf",
author = "Emma Frew and Magda Aguiar and Wolfgang H{\"o}gler and {Global Consensus Group}",
year = "2016",
month = jan,
day = "8",
doi = "10.1210/jc.2015-2175",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "394--415",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism",
issn = "0021-972X",
publisher = "Endocrine Society",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Global consensus recommendations on prevention and management of nutritional rickets

AU - Frew, Emma

AU - Aguiar, Magda

AU - Högler, Wolfgang

AU - Global Consensus Group

PY - 2016/1/8

Y1 - 2016/1/8

N2 - Background:Vitamin D and calcium deficiencies are common worldwide, causing nutritional rickets and osteomalacia, which have a major impact on health, growth, and development of infants, children, and adolescents; the consequences can be lethal or can last into adulthood. The goals of this evidence-based consensus document are to provide health care professionals with guidance for prevention, diagnosis, and management of nutritional rickets and to provide policy makers with a framework to work toward its eradication.Evidence:A systematic literature search examining the definition, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of nutritional rickets in children was conducted. Evidence-based recommendations were developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system that describe the strength of the recommendation and the quality of supporting evidence.Process:Thirty-three nominated experts in pediatric endocrinology, pediatrics, nutrition, epidemiology, public health, and health economics evaluated the evidence on specific questions within five working groups. The consensus group, representing 11 international scientific organizations, participated in a multiday conference in May 2014 to reach a global evidence-based consensus.Results:This consensus document defines nutritional rickets and its diagnostic criteria and describes the clinical management of rickets and osteomalacia. Risk factors, particularly in mothers and infants, are ranked, and specific prevention recommendations including food fortification and supplementation are offered for both the clinical and public health contexts.Conclusion:Rickets, osteomalacia, and vitamin D and calcium deficiencies are preventable global public health problems in infants, children, and adolescents. Implementation of international rickets prevention programs, including supplementation and food fortification, is urgently required.- See more at: http://press.endocrine.org/doi/10.1210/jc.2015-2175#sthash.PCnArlLv.dpuf

AB - Background:Vitamin D and calcium deficiencies are common worldwide, causing nutritional rickets and osteomalacia, which have a major impact on health, growth, and development of infants, children, and adolescents; the consequences can be lethal or can last into adulthood. The goals of this evidence-based consensus document are to provide health care professionals with guidance for prevention, diagnosis, and management of nutritional rickets and to provide policy makers with a framework to work toward its eradication.Evidence:A systematic literature search examining the definition, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of nutritional rickets in children was conducted. Evidence-based recommendations were developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system that describe the strength of the recommendation and the quality of supporting evidence.Process:Thirty-three nominated experts in pediatric endocrinology, pediatrics, nutrition, epidemiology, public health, and health economics evaluated the evidence on specific questions within five working groups. The consensus group, representing 11 international scientific organizations, participated in a multiday conference in May 2014 to reach a global evidence-based consensus.Results:This consensus document defines nutritional rickets and its diagnostic criteria and describes the clinical management of rickets and osteomalacia. Risk factors, particularly in mothers and infants, are ranked, and specific prevention recommendations including food fortification and supplementation are offered for both the clinical and public health contexts.Conclusion:Rickets, osteomalacia, and vitamin D and calcium deficiencies are preventable global public health problems in infants, children, and adolescents. Implementation of international rickets prevention programs, including supplementation and food fortification, is urgently required.- See more at: http://press.endocrine.org/doi/10.1210/jc.2015-2175#sthash.PCnArlLv.dpuf

U2 - 10.1210/jc.2015-2175

DO - 10.1210/jc.2015-2175

M3 - Article

VL - 101

SP - 394

EP - 415

JO - Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

JF - Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

SN - 0021-972X

IS - 2

ER -