Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series: Where and how to look for potential candidates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series: Where and how to look for potential candidates. / Waters, Colin N.; Zalasiewicz, Jan; Summerhayes, Colin; Fairchild, Ian J.; Rose, Neil L.; Loader, Neil J.; Shotyk, William; Cearreta, Alejandro; Head, Martin J.; Syvitski, James P. M.; Williams, Mark; Wagreich, Michael; Barnosky, Anthony D.; Zhisheng, An; Leinfelder, Reinhold; Jeandel, Catherine; Gałuszka, Agnieszka; Ivar Do Sul, Juliana A.; Gradstein, Felix; Steffen, Will; Mcneill, John R.; Wing, Scott; Poirier, Clément; Edgeworth, Matt.

In: Earth Science Reviews, 30.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Waters, CN, Zalasiewicz, J, Summerhayes, C, Fairchild, IJ, Rose, NL, Loader, NJ, Shotyk, W, Cearreta, A, Head, MJ, Syvitski, JPM, Williams, M, Wagreich, M, Barnosky, AD, Zhisheng, A, Leinfelder, R, Jeandel, C, Gałuszka, A, Ivar Do Sul, JA, Gradstein, F, Steffen, W, Mcneill, JR, Wing, S, Poirier, C & Edgeworth, M 2017, 'Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series: Where and how to look for potential candidates', Earth Science Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.12.016

APA

Waters, C. N., Zalasiewicz, J., Summerhayes, C., Fairchild, I. J., Rose, N. L., Loader, N. J., Shotyk, W., Cearreta, A., Head, M. J., Syvitski, J. P. M., Williams, M., Wagreich, M., Barnosky, A. D., Zhisheng, A., Leinfelder, R., Jeandel, C., Gałuszka, A., Ivar Do Sul, J. A., Gradstein, F., ... Edgeworth, M. (2017). Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series: Where and how to look for potential candidates. Earth Science Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.12.016

Vancouver

Author

Waters, Colin N. ; Zalasiewicz, Jan ; Summerhayes, Colin ; Fairchild, Ian J. ; Rose, Neil L. ; Loader, Neil J. ; Shotyk, William ; Cearreta, Alejandro ; Head, Martin J. ; Syvitski, James P. M. ; Williams, Mark ; Wagreich, Michael ; Barnosky, Anthony D. ; Zhisheng, An ; Leinfelder, Reinhold ; Jeandel, Catherine ; Gałuszka, Agnieszka ; Ivar Do Sul, Juliana A. ; Gradstein, Felix ; Steffen, Will ; Mcneill, John R. ; Wing, Scott ; Poirier, Clément ; Edgeworth, Matt. / Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series: Where and how to look for potential candidates. In: Earth Science Reviews. 2017.

Bibtex

@article{aaf7cce127594f75ad3fb6fa2f2c8427,
title = "Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series:: Where and how to look for potential candidates",
abstract = "The Anthropocene as a potential new unit of the International Chronostratigraphic Chart (which serves as the basis of the Geological Time Scale) is assessed in terms of the stratigraphic markers and approximate boundary levels available to define the base of the unit. The task of assessing and selecting potential Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) candidate sections, a required part of the process in seeking formalisation of the term, is now being actively pursued. Here, we review the suitability of different stratified palaeoenvironmental settings and facies as potential hosts for a candidate GSSP and auxiliary sections, and the relevant stratigraphical markers for correlation. Published examples are evaluated for their strengths and weaknesses in this respect. A marked upturn in abundance of radioisotopes of 239Pu or 14C, approximately in 1952 and 1954 CE respectively, broadly coincident with a downturn in δ13C values, is applicable across most environments. Principal palaeoenvironments examined include: settings associated with accumulations of anthropogenic material, marine anoxic basins, coral reefs, estuaries and deltas, lakes at various latitudes, peat bogs, snow/ice layers, speleothems and trees. Together, many of these geographically diverse palaeoenvironments offer annual/subannual laminae that can be counted and independently dated radiometrically (e.g. by 210Pb). Examples of possible sections offer the possibility of correlation with annual/seasonal resolution. From among such examples, a small number of potentially representative sites require the acquisition of more systematic and comprehensive datasets, with correlation established between sections, to allow selection of a candidate GSSP and auxiliary stratotypes. The assessments in this paper will help find the optimal locations for these sections.",
keywords = "anthropocene , global boundary stratotype sections and points , chronostratigraphy , palaeoenvironments",
author = "Waters, {Colin N.} and Jan Zalasiewicz and Colin Summerhayes and Fairchild, {Ian J.} and Rose, {Neil L.} and Loader, {Neil J.} and William Shotyk and Alejandro Cearreta and Head, {Martin J.} and Syvitski, {James P. M.} and Mark Williams and Michael Wagreich and Barnosky, {Anthony D.} and An Zhisheng and Reinhold Leinfelder and Catherine Jeandel and Agnieszka Ga{\l}uszka and {Ivar Do Sul}, {Juliana A.} and Felix Gradstein and Will Steffen and Mcneill, {John R.} and Scott Wing and Cl{\'e}ment Poirier and Matt Edgeworth",
year = "2017",
month = dec,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.12.016",
language = "English",
journal = "Earth Science Reviews",
issn = "0012-8252",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series:

T2 - Where and how to look for potential candidates

AU - Waters, Colin N.

AU - Zalasiewicz, Jan

AU - Summerhayes, Colin

AU - Fairchild, Ian J.

AU - Rose, Neil L.

AU - Loader, Neil J.

AU - Shotyk, William

AU - Cearreta, Alejandro

AU - Head, Martin J.

AU - Syvitski, James P. M.

AU - Williams, Mark

AU - Wagreich, Michael

AU - Barnosky, Anthony D.

AU - Zhisheng, An

AU - Leinfelder, Reinhold

AU - Jeandel, Catherine

AU - Gałuszka, Agnieszka

AU - Ivar Do Sul, Juliana A.

AU - Gradstein, Felix

AU - Steffen, Will

AU - Mcneill, John R.

AU - Wing, Scott

AU - Poirier, Clément

AU - Edgeworth, Matt

PY - 2017/12/30

Y1 - 2017/12/30

N2 - The Anthropocene as a potential new unit of the International Chronostratigraphic Chart (which serves as the basis of the Geological Time Scale) is assessed in terms of the stratigraphic markers and approximate boundary levels available to define the base of the unit. The task of assessing and selecting potential Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) candidate sections, a required part of the process in seeking formalisation of the term, is now being actively pursued. Here, we review the suitability of different stratified palaeoenvironmental settings and facies as potential hosts for a candidate GSSP and auxiliary sections, and the relevant stratigraphical markers for correlation. Published examples are evaluated for their strengths and weaknesses in this respect. A marked upturn in abundance of radioisotopes of 239Pu or 14C, approximately in 1952 and 1954 CE respectively, broadly coincident with a downturn in δ13C values, is applicable across most environments. Principal palaeoenvironments examined include: settings associated with accumulations of anthropogenic material, marine anoxic basins, coral reefs, estuaries and deltas, lakes at various latitudes, peat bogs, snow/ice layers, speleothems and trees. Together, many of these geographically diverse palaeoenvironments offer annual/subannual laminae that can be counted and independently dated radiometrically (e.g. by 210Pb). Examples of possible sections offer the possibility of correlation with annual/seasonal resolution. From among such examples, a small number of potentially representative sites require the acquisition of more systematic and comprehensive datasets, with correlation established between sections, to allow selection of a candidate GSSP and auxiliary stratotypes. The assessments in this paper will help find the optimal locations for these sections.

AB - The Anthropocene as a potential new unit of the International Chronostratigraphic Chart (which serves as the basis of the Geological Time Scale) is assessed in terms of the stratigraphic markers and approximate boundary levels available to define the base of the unit. The task of assessing and selecting potential Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) candidate sections, a required part of the process in seeking formalisation of the term, is now being actively pursued. Here, we review the suitability of different stratified palaeoenvironmental settings and facies as potential hosts for a candidate GSSP and auxiliary sections, and the relevant stratigraphical markers for correlation. Published examples are evaluated for their strengths and weaknesses in this respect. A marked upturn in abundance of radioisotopes of 239Pu or 14C, approximately in 1952 and 1954 CE respectively, broadly coincident with a downturn in δ13C values, is applicable across most environments. Principal palaeoenvironments examined include: settings associated with accumulations of anthropogenic material, marine anoxic basins, coral reefs, estuaries and deltas, lakes at various latitudes, peat bogs, snow/ice layers, speleothems and trees. Together, many of these geographically diverse palaeoenvironments offer annual/subannual laminae that can be counted and independently dated radiometrically (e.g. by 210Pb). Examples of possible sections offer the possibility of correlation with annual/seasonal resolution. From among such examples, a small number of potentially representative sites require the acquisition of more systematic and comprehensive datasets, with correlation established between sections, to allow selection of a candidate GSSP and auxiliary stratotypes. The assessments in this paper will help find the optimal locations for these sections.

KW - anthropocene

KW - global boundary stratotype sections and points

KW - chronostratigraphy

KW - palaeoenvironments

U2 - 10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.12.016

DO - 10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.12.016

M3 - Article

JO - Earth Science Reviews

JF - Earth Science Reviews

SN - 0012-8252

ER -