Glastonbury Lake Village revisited: a multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental investigation of an Iron Age wetland settlement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Tom HIll
  • Geoffrey Hill
  • Richard Brunning
  • R. Y. Banerjea
  • R. M. Fyfe
  • A. G. Hogg
  • Julie Jones
  • Marta Perez

External organisations

  • British Museum


Glastonbury Lake Village is one of the most iconic late prehistoric wetland settlements in Europe. A new excavation in the core of Glastonbury Lake Village, for the first time since 1907, provided the opportunity for sampling of deposits associated with occupation of the site and for reconstructing the environmental conditions before the settlement was constructed. The results of a detailed multiproxy study are presented, including palaeoecological proxies (Coleoptera, plant macrofossils, diatoms, pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs), geoarchaeological methods (soil micromorphology), supported by new radiocarbon determinations. The results highlight how the difficult process of creating a settlement in a wetland was achieved, both within structures and in the spaces around them. Evidence for grain storage within the macrofossil assemblages, and the presence of animals on the settlement reflected in coleopteran assemblages and non-pollen palynomorphs has refined our understanding of the interaction between the settlement and the neighbouring dryland.

Bibliographic note

T. C. B. Hill, G. E. Hill, R. Brunning, R. Y. Banerjea, R. M. Fyfe, A. G. Hogg, J. Jones, M. Perez & D. N. Smith (2019) Glastonbury Lake Village Revisited: A Multi-proxy Palaeoenvironmental Investigation of an Iron Age Wetland Settlement, Journal of Wetland Archaeology, DOI: 10.1080/14732971.2018.1560064


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-137
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Wetland Archaeology
Issue number2
Early online date14 Jan 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Jan 2019


  • Palaeoenvironment, Iron Age, multi-proxy, pollen, wetland, Coleoptera, plant macrofossil, anthropogenic