Generalisable patterns of gesture distinguish semantic categories in communication without language

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Radboud University

Abstract

There is a long-standing assumption that gestural forms are geared by a set of modes of representation (acting, representing, drawing, moulding) with each technique expressing speakers’ focus of attention on specific aspects of referents (Müller, 2013). Beyond different taxonomies describing the modes of representation, it remains unclear what factors motivate certain depicting techniques over others. Results from a pantomime generation task show that pantomimes are not entirely idiosyncratic but rather follow generalisable patterns constrained by their semantic category. We show that a) specific modes of representations are preferred for certain objects (acting for manipulable objects and drawing for non-manipulable objects); and b) that use and ordering of deictics and modes of representation operate in tandem to distinguish between semantically related concepts (e.g., “to drink” vs “mug”). This study provides yet more evidence that our ability to communicate through silent gesture reveals systematic ways to describe events and objects around us

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
EditorsA. Papafragou, D. Grodner, D. Mirman, J. Trueswell
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society - Philadelphia Convention Center , Philadelphia, United States
Duration: 10 Aug 201613 Aug 2016

Conference

Conference38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Abbreviated titleCogSci 2016
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia
Period10/08/1613/08/16

Keywords

  • gesture, iconicity, language evolution