Gene expression profiles of dynamically compressed single chondrocytes and chondrons
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Colleges, School and Institutes
A chondrocyte produces a hydrated pericellular matrix (PCM); together they form a chondron. Previous work has shown that the presence of the PCM influences the biological response of chondrocytes to loading. The objective of this study was to determine the gene expression profiles of enzymatically isolated single chondrocytes and chondrons in response to dynamic compression. Cartilage specific extracellular matrix components and transcription factors were examined. Following dynamic compression, chondrocytes and chondrons showed variations in gene expression profiles. Aggrecan, Type II collagen and osteopontin gene expression were significantly increased in chondrons. Lubricin gene expression decreased in both chondrons and chondrocytes. Dynamic compression had no effect on SOX9 gene expression. Our results demonstrate a clear role for the PCM in interfacing the mechanical signalling in chondrocytes in response to dynamic compression. Further investigation of single chondrocytes and chondrons from different zones within articular cartilage may further our understanding of cartilage mechanobiology. (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier Inc.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2009|
- Chondrons, Micromanipulation, Dynamic compression, Cartilage, Chondrocytes, Cyclic loading, Tissue engineering, Single cell quantitative PCR, Biomechanical properties, Pericellular matrix