Gender differences in clinical presentation and 1-year outcomes in atrial fibrillation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Gender differences in clinical presentation and 1-year outcomes in atrial fibrillation. / Schnabel, Renate B; Pecen, Ladislav; Ojeda, Francisco M; Lucerna, Markus; Rzayeva, Nargiz; Blankenberg, Stefan; Darius, Harald; Kotecha, Dipak; Caterina, Raffaele De; Kirchhof, Paulus.

In: Heart, 22.02.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Schnabel, RB, Pecen, L, Ojeda, FM, Lucerna, M, Rzayeva, N, Blankenberg, S, Darius, H, Kotecha, D, Caterina, RD & Kirchhof, P 2017, 'Gender differences in clinical presentation and 1-year outcomes in atrial fibrillation', Heart. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310406

APA

Schnabel, R. B., Pecen, L., Ojeda, F. M., Lucerna, M., Rzayeva, N., Blankenberg, S., Darius, H., Kotecha, D., Caterina, R. D., & Kirchhof, P. (2017). Gender differences in clinical presentation and 1-year outcomes in atrial fibrillation. Heart. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310406

Vancouver

Schnabel RB, Pecen L, Ojeda FM, Lucerna M, Rzayeva N, Blankenberg S et al. Gender differences in clinical presentation and 1-year outcomes in atrial fibrillation. Heart. 2017 Feb 22. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310406

Author

Schnabel, Renate B ; Pecen, Ladislav ; Ojeda, Francisco M ; Lucerna, Markus ; Rzayeva, Nargiz ; Blankenberg, Stefan ; Darius, Harald ; Kotecha, Dipak ; Caterina, Raffaele De ; Kirchhof, Paulus. / Gender differences in clinical presentation and 1-year outcomes in atrial fibrillation. In: Heart. 2017.

Bibtex

@article{919af7c9d2e945cfb78a6e717d6831cf,
title = "Gender differences in clinical presentation and 1-year outcomes in atrial fibrillation",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to examine gender differences in clinical presentation, management and prognosis of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a contemporary cohort.METHODS: In 6412 patients, 39.7% women, of the PREvention oF thromboembolic events - European Registry in Atrial Fibrillation, we examined gender differences in symptoms, risk factors, therapies and 1-year incidence of adverse outcomes.RESULTS: Men with AF were on average younger than women (mean±SD: 70.1±10.7 vs 74.1±9.7 years, p<0.0001). Women more frequently had at least one AF-related symptom at least occasionally compared with men (95.4% in women, 89.8% in men, p<0.0001). Prescription of oral anticoagulation was similar, with an increase of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants from 5.9% to 12.6% in women and from 6.2% to 12.6% in men, p<0.0001 for both.Men were more frequently treated with electrical cardioversion and ablation (20.6% and 6.3%, respectively) than women (14.9% and 3.3%, respectively), p<0.0001. Women had 65% (OR: 0.35; 95% CI (0.22 to 0.56)) lower age-adjusted and country-adjusted odds of coronary revascularisation, 40% (OR: 0.60; (0.38 to 0.93)) lower odds of acute coronary syndrome and 20% (OR: 0.80; (0.68 to 0.96)) lower odds of heart failure at 1 year. There were no statistically significant gender differences in 1-year stroke/transient ischaemic attack/arterial thromboembolism and major bleeding events.CONCLUSION: In a 'real-world' European AF registry, women were more symptomatic but less likely to receive invasive rhythm control therapy such as electrical cardioversion or ablation. Further study is needed to confirm that these differences do not disadvantage women with AF.",
author = "Schnabel, {Renate B} and Ladislav Pecen and Ojeda, {Francisco M} and Markus Lucerna and Nargiz Rzayeva and Stefan Blankenberg and Harald Darius and Dipak Kotecha and Caterina, {Raffaele De} and Paulus Kirchhof",
note = "{\textcopyright} Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.",
year = "2017",
month = feb,
day = "22",
doi = "10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310406",
language = "English",
journal = "Heart",
issn = "1355-6037",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender differences in clinical presentation and 1-year outcomes in atrial fibrillation

AU - Schnabel, Renate B

AU - Pecen, Ladislav

AU - Ojeda, Francisco M

AU - Lucerna, Markus

AU - Rzayeva, Nargiz

AU - Blankenberg, Stefan

AU - Darius, Harald

AU - Kotecha, Dipak

AU - Caterina, Raffaele De

AU - Kirchhof, Paulus

N1 - © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

PY - 2017/2/22

Y1 - 2017/2/22

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to examine gender differences in clinical presentation, management and prognosis of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a contemporary cohort.METHODS: In 6412 patients, 39.7% women, of the PREvention oF thromboembolic events - European Registry in Atrial Fibrillation, we examined gender differences in symptoms, risk factors, therapies and 1-year incidence of adverse outcomes.RESULTS: Men with AF were on average younger than women (mean±SD: 70.1±10.7 vs 74.1±9.7 years, p<0.0001). Women more frequently had at least one AF-related symptom at least occasionally compared with men (95.4% in women, 89.8% in men, p<0.0001). Prescription of oral anticoagulation was similar, with an increase of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants from 5.9% to 12.6% in women and from 6.2% to 12.6% in men, p<0.0001 for both.Men were more frequently treated with electrical cardioversion and ablation (20.6% and 6.3%, respectively) than women (14.9% and 3.3%, respectively), p<0.0001. Women had 65% (OR: 0.35; 95% CI (0.22 to 0.56)) lower age-adjusted and country-adjusted odds of coronary revascularisation, 40% (OR: 0.60; (0.38 to 0.93)) lower odds of acute coronary syndrome and 20% (OR: 0.80; (0.68 to 0.96)) lower odds of heart failure at 1 year. There were no statistically significant gender differences in 1-year stroke/transient ischaemic attack/arterial thromboembolism and major bleeding events.CONCLUSION: In a 'real-world' European AF registry, women were more symptomatic but less likely to receive invasive rhythm control therapy such as electrical cardioversion or ablation. Further study is needed to confirm that these differences do not disadvantage women with AF.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to examine gender differences in clinical presentation, management and prognosis of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a contemporary cohort.METHODS: In 6412 patients, 39.7% women, of the PREvention oF thromboembolic events - European Registry in Atrial Fibrillation, we examined gender differences in symptoms, risk factors, therapies and 1-year incidence of adverse outcomes.RESULTS: Men with AF were on average younger than women (mean±SD: 70.1±10.7 vs 74.1±9.7 years, p<0.0001). Women more frequently had at least one AF-related symptom at least occasionally compared with men (95.4% in women, 89.8% in men, p<0.0001). Prescription of oral anticoagulation was similar, with an increase of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants from 5.9% to 12.6% in women and from 6.2% to 12.6% in men, p<0.0001 for both.Men were more frequently treated with electrical cardioversion and ablation (20.6% and 6.3%, respectively) than women (14.9% and 3.3%, respectively), p<0.0001. Women had 65% (OR: 0.35; 95% CI (0.22 to 0.56)) lower age-adjusted and country-adjusted odds of coronary revascularisation, 40% (OR: 0.60; (0.38 to 0.93)) lower odds of acute coronary syndrome and 20% (OR: 0.80; (0.68 to 0.96)) lower odds of heart failure at 1 year. There were no statistically significant gender differences in 1-year stroke/transient ischaemic attack/arterial thromboembolism and major bleeding events.CONCLUSION: In a 'real-world' European AF registry, women were more symptomatic but less likely to receive invasive rhythm control therapy such as electrical cardioversion or ablation. Further study is needed to confirm that these differences do not disadvantage women with AF.

U2 - 10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310406

DO - 10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310406

M3 - Article

C2 - 28228467

JO - Heart

JF - Heart

SN - 1355-6037

ER -