Gamma oscillatory activity in a visual discrimination task

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Roman Freunberger
  • Wolfgang Klimesch
  • Paul Sauseng
  • Birgit Griesmayr
  • Yvonne Höller
  • Thomas Pecherstorfer

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis whether images of real objects elicit stronger gamma (>25 Hz) synchronization, when compared with scrambled objects. The background of this study is a recent debate about the functional meaning of evoked and induced gamma oscillations. Brain electrical source analysis (BESA) and low resolution electromagnetic tomography analysis (LORETA) was performed on the basis of the event-related potential (ERP) data. A component at around 230 ms (termed C230) showed strongest differences between objects and scrambled objects. Time-frequency analyses were run across electrodes and within the dipole sources. We found increased gamma event-related synchronization (ERS) between 200 and 300 ms for real objects. This effect was strongest in a fronto-medial source. Induced gamma, as also shown in previous studies, reflects the more task-relevant mechanism where object representations become activated.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-600
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume71
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2007

Keywords

  • Adult, Biological Clocks, Brain Mapping, Cerebral Cortex, Cortical Synchronization, Discrimination Learning, Electroencephalography, Evoked Potentials, Female, Humans, Magnetoencephalography, Male, Neurons, Neuropsychological Tests, Pattern Recognition, Visual, Photic Stimulation, Reaction Time