Galactic Axions search with a superconducting resonant cavity

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Colleges, School and Institutes


To account for the dark-matter content in our Universe, postinflationary scenarios predict for the QCD axion a mass in the range ð10–103Þ μeV. Searches with haloscope experiments in this mass range require the monitoring of resonant cavity modes with frequency above 5 GHz, where several experimental limitations occur due to linear amplifiers, small volumes, and low quality factors of copper resonant cavities. In this paper, we deal with the last issue, presenting the result of a search for galactic axions using a haloscope based on a 36 cm3 NbTi superconducting cavity. The cavity worked at T ¼ 4 K in a 2 T magnetic field and exhibited a quality factor Q0 ¼ 4.5 × 105 for the TM010 mode at 9 GHz. With such values of Q, the axion signal is significantly increased with respect to copper cavity haloscopes. Operating this setup, we set the limit gaγγ < 1.03 × 10−12 GeV−1 on the axion photon coupling for a mass of about 37 μeV. A comprehensive study of the NbTi cavity at different magnetic fields, temperatures, and frequencies is also presented.


Original languageEnglish
Article number101101(R)
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019