Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate Protects Hippocampal Rat Slices from NMDA Excitotoxicity

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Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate Protects Hippocampal Rat Slices from NMDA Excitotoxicity. / Yakoub, Kamal M; Lazzarino, Giacomo; Amorini, Angela M; Caruso, Giuseppe; Scazzone, Concetta; Ciaccio, Marcello; Tavazzi, Barbara; Lazzarino, Giuseppe; Belli, Antonio; Di Pietro, Valentina.

In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 9, 2239, 07.05.2019.

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Yakoub, KM, Lazzarino, G, Amorini, AM, Caruso, G, Scazzone, C, Ciaccio, M, Tavazzi, B, Lazzarino, G, Belli, A & Di Pietro, V 2019, 'Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate Protects Hippocampal Rat Slices from NMDA Excitotoxicity', International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 20, no. 9, 2239. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20092239

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Yakoub, Kamal M ; Lazzarino, Giacomo ; Amorini, Angela M ; Caruso, Giuseppe ; Scazzone, Concetta ; Ciaccio, Marcello ; Tavazzi, Barbara ; Lazzarino, Giuseppe ; Belli, Antonio ; Di Pietro, Valentina. / Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate Protects Hippocampal Rat Slices from NMDA Excitotoxicity. In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 20, No. 9.

Bibtex

@article{c88af1fa3be74cb4b61e28ee558c305c,
title = "Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate Protects Hippocampal Rat Slices from NMDA Excitotoxicity",
abstract = "Effects of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (F-1,6-P2) towards N-methyl-d-aspartate NMDA excitotoxicity were evaluated in rat organotypic hippocampal brain slice cultures (OHSC) challenged for 3 h with 30 μM NMDA, followed by incubations (24, 48, and 72 h) without (controls) and with F-1,6-P2 (0.5, 1 or 1.5 mM). At each time, cell necrosis was determined by measuring LDH in the medium. Energy metabolism was evaluated by measuring ATP, GTP, ADP, AMP, and ATP catabolites (nucleosides and oxypurines) in deproteinized OHSC extracts. Gene expressions of phosphofructokinase, aldolase, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase were also measured. F-1,6-P2 dose-dependently decreased NMDA excitotoxicity, abolishing cell necrosis at the highest concentration tested (1.5 mM). Additionally, F-1,6-P2 attenuated cell energy imbalance caused by NMDA, ameliorating the mitochondrial phosphorylating capacity (increase in ATP/ADP ratio) Metabolism normalization occurred when using 1.5 mM F-1,6-P2. Remarkable increase in expressions of phosphofructokinase, aldolase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (up to 25 times over the values of controls) was also observed. Since this phenomenon was recorded even in OHSC treated with F-1,6-P2 with no prior challenge with NMDA, it is highly conceivable that F-1,6-P2 can enter into intact cerebral cells producing significant benefits on energy metabolism. These effects are possibly mediated by changes occurring at the gene level, thus opening new perspectives for F-1,6-P2 application as a useful adjuvant to rescue mitochondrial metabolism of cerebral cells under stressing conditions.",
keywords = "Animals, Energy Metabolism, Fructose-Bisphosphatase/pharmacology, Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/metabolism, Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/metabolism, Hippocampus/drug effects, N-Methylaspartate/toxicity, Necrosis, Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology, Phosphofructokinases/metabolism, Purine Nucleosides/metabolism, Rats, Rats, Wistar",
author = "Yakoub, {Kamal M} and Giacomo Lazzarino and Amorini, {Angela M} and Giuseppe Caruso and Concetta Scazzone and Marcello Ciaccio and Barbara Tavazzi and Giuseppe Lazzarino and Antonio Belli and {Di Pietro}, Valentina",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "7",
doi = "10.3390/ijms20092239",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
journal = "International Journal of Molecular Sciences",
issn = "1422-0067",
publisher = "MDPI",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate Protects Hippocampal Rat Slices from NMDA Excitotoxicity

AU - Yakoub, Kamal M

AU - Lazzarino, Giacomo

AU - Amorini, Angela M

AU - Caruso, Giuseppe

AU - Scazzone, Concetta

AU - Ciaccio, Marcello

AU - Tavazzi, Barbara

AU - Lazzarino, Giuseppe

AU - Belli, Antonio

AU - Di Pietro, Valentina

PY - 2019/5/7

Y1 - 2019/5/7

N2 - Effects of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (F-1,6-P2) towards N-methyl-d-aspartate NMDA excitotoxicity were evaluated in rat organotypic hippocampal brain slice cultures (OHSC) challenged for 3 h with 30 μM NMDA, followed by incubations (24, 48, and 72 h) without (controls) and with F-1,6-P2 (0.5, 1 or 1.5 mM). At each time, cell necrosis was determined by measuring LDH in the medium. Energy metabolism was evaluated by measuring ATP, GTP, ADP, AMP, and ATP catabolites (nucleosides and oxypurines) in deproteinized OHSC extracts. Gene expressions of phosphofructokinase, aldolase, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase were also measured. F-1,6-P2 dose-dependently decreased NMDA excitotoxicity, abolishing cell necrosis at the highest concentration tested (1.5 mM). Additionally, F-1,6-P2 attenuated cell energy imbalance caused by NMDA, ameliorating the mitochondrial phosphorylating capacity (increase in ATP/ADP ratio) Metabolism normalization occurred when using 1.5 mM F-1,6-P2. Remarkable increase in expressions of phosphofructokinase, aldolase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (up to 25 times over the values of controls) was also observed. Since this phenomenon was recorded even in OHSC treated with F-1,6-P2 with no prior challenge with NMDA, it is highly conceivable that F-1,6-P2 can enter into intact cerebral cells producing significant benefits on energy metabolism. These effects are possibly mediated by changes occurring at the gene level, thus opening new perspectives for F-1,6-P2 application as a useful adjuvant to rescue mitochondrial metabolism of cerebral cells under stressing conditions.

AB - Effects of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (F-1,6-P2) towards N-methyl-d-aspartate NMDA excitotoxicity were evaluated in rat organotypic hippocampal brain slice cultures (OHSC) challenged for 3 h with 30 μM NMDA, followed by incubations (24, 48, and 72 h) without (controls) and with F-1,6-P2 (0.5, 1 or 1.5 mM). At each time, cell necrosis was determined by measuring LDH in the medium. Energy metabolism was evaluated by measuring ATP, GTP, ADP, AMP, and ATP catabolites (nucleosides and oxypurines) in deproteinized OHSC extracts. Gene expressions of phosphofructokinase, aldolase, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase were also measured. F-1,6-P2 dose-dependently decreased NMDA excitotoxicity, abolishing cell necrosis at the highest concentration tested (1.5 mM). Additionally, F-1,6-P2 attenuated cell energy imbalance caused by NMDA, ameliorating the mitochondrial phosphorylating capacity (increase in ATP/ADP ratio) Metabolism normalization occurred when using 1.5 mM F-1,6-P2. Remarkable increase in expressions of phosphofructokinase, aldolase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (up to 25 times over the values of controls) was also observed. Since this phenomenon was recorded even in OHSC treated with F-1,6-P2 with no prior challenge with NMDA, it is highly conceivable that F-1,6-P2 can enter into intact cerebral cells producing significant benefits on energy metabolism. These effects are possibly mediated by changes occurring at the gene level, thus opening new perspectives for F-1,6-P2 application as a useful adjuvant to rescue mitochondrial metabolism of cerebral cells under stressing conditions.

KW - Animals

KW - Energy Metabolism

KW - Fructose-Bisphosphatase/pharmacology

KW - Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/metabolism

KW - Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/metabolism

KW - Hippocampus/drug effects

KW - N-Methylaspartate/toxicity

KW - Necrosis

KW - Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology

KW - Phosphofructokinases/metabolism

KW - Purine Nucleosides/metabolism

KW - Rats

KW - Rats, Wistar

U2 - 10.3390/ijms20092239

DO - 10.3390/ijms20092239

M3 - Article

C2 - 31067671

VL - 20

JO - International Journal of Molecular Sciences

JF - International Journal of Molecular Sciences

SN - 1422-0067

IS - 9

M1 - 2239

ER -